About 10-15 years ago, osteochondrosis was considered a disease of yesteryear. But today, doctors say with confidence that diseases of the spine are detected more and more even in young people.
This is due to a sedentary lifestyle, sedentary work and inadequate nutrition. The vast experience in the treatment of osteochondrosis shows that this is a very serious disease by which a person can suffer throughout his life, therefore, it is necessary to address the therapy responsibly and not use one, but several methods to get rid of of the illness.
One of the most important stages of treatment is physiotherapy. Let’s talk in more detail why we need gymnastics in osteochondrosis of the cervico-thoracic spine and how to do it correctly.
The value of treatment with exercises in the treatment of osteochondrosis.
Those who are not the first time to face unpleasant manifestations of osteochondrosis, easily recognize the signs of the disease and know that the main task in the exacerbation of the inflammatory process is to eliminate pain and reduce inflammation. Of course, at this stage, first of all, it is necessary to take the appropriate medications, which are prescribed by a qualified specialist. After a cycle of medications, the patient’s condition improves markedly, but the treatment does not end there.
It is very important to understand that analgesics and anti-inflammatory drugs eliminate pain and cramps, stopping the acute phase of the disease, but they can not cure osteochondrosis.
By the way, getting rid of osteochondrosis forever is almost impossible. In those or other moments of life, you will remember yourself again and again.
But for episodes of pain in the back and neck to occur as rarely as possible, much attention must be paid to the performance of the exercise treatment.
If the illness is in the acute phase, recovery gymnastics is not performed. It is used as rehabilitation therapy after pain relief. Exercises in osteochondrosis of the cervicothoracic part help to relax tight muscles, improve blood circulation in the muscles and spine and contribute to the restoration of the intervertebral discs.
If the patient performs these exercises regularly and correctly, he will feel much better and very soon he will begin to notice that the symptoms of the disease disappear: the headache, the back and neck pain, the dizziness and the excessive fatigue disappear.
We must not forget that sometimes physiotherapy exercises for osteochondrosis of the cervicothoracic region may be contraindicated, so it is necessary to consult a doctor. For example, with the hernia of the intervertebral discs, the course of the disease may worsen.
You can also perform exercises for the cervical spine at home, but before that you should consult with an instructor in exercise therapy, who will select the optimal set of classes and explain how to perform them correctly.
Complex exercise therapy for cervical osteochondrosis.
Physical therapy contains a large number of different complexes designed to restore a particular spine. The most important rule that must be followed when performing exercises: can not make sudden movements.
Also, it is best to refuse exercise therapy if you feel pain in your neck, shoulders and arms.
One of the simplest and most effective complexes is considered the treatment with exercises for osteochondrosis of the cervical region, which contains the following exercises:
- Sitting in a chair, make gentle turns of the head, first in one direction, then in the other (5-10 times). Keep your neck and back straight.
- Sit in a chair, straightening your back and slowly lower your head so that your chin touches your chest. Repeat the exercise at least 10 times.
- Sitting in a chair, straighten your back and make movements of the neck back. At the same time, the small beater is delayed and the neck does not bend. Perform 10-12 movements.
- Sit at the table, keep your back straight. Hold one hand on the table, rest your temple on the palm. After that, perform the inclination of the head in the direction of the hand, the palm should be counteracted and create a slight tension. After a 10-second break, do the same with the other hand. You must complete at least 8 curves with your head.
- Without changing position, place a palm on your forehead and tilt your head forward, holding the resistance with your hand. Repeat 8-10 times, take a break, change your hand and do the exercise again.
- Stand, straightening your back and placing your hands along the body. Lift your shoulders as high as possible and stay a few seconds, then relax and breathe. Run 10-12 times.
- The headaches are relieved by a quick and intense massage of the muscles of the neck closer to the back of the head. It should be done between 3 and 4 minutes, using only the fingertips.
- On a hard surface, rub the muscles between the shoulder blades and the area just above them. You can ask the assistant to do this or rub in a sitting position on your own.
- Make a light circular massage of the temporal area with the tips of your fingers.
These simple cervical exercises can improve neck mobility and prevent pain. You can perform them almost anywhere and at any time, which greatly simplifies the task of restoring the vertebrae.
Exercises for the thoracic spine.
Thoracic osteochondrosis is diagnosed less frequently than cervical or lumbar osteochondrosis, which is explained by the fact that the thoracic region is less mobile and, moreover, is more protected by the muscles. However, gradually this type of osteochondrosis is gaining momentum, so special complexes have been developed for the treatment of this pathology.
The exercises for the thoracic spine are designed to strengthen the muscles of the back and improve posture to reduce the load on the spine.
Before performing the exercise therapy, you need to do a light kneading massage or take a hot shower to prepare the muscles for the next session. After that you can do the following exercises:
- When standing, legs slightly apart, back straight. Bend the shoulders forward, leaving the body in place, the chin toward the chest. Hold it in this position for 5 to 10 seconds, then separate the shoulders and try to connect the shoulder blades, while gently tilting the head back. Hold the position 5-10 seconds. Repeat
- When sitting or standing with your back straight, lift your right and left shoulders 10 times alternately. After that, raise and lower your shoulders at the same time, also at least 10 times.
- Perform circular movements with the shoulders, without raising your hands, first in a clockwise direction, then against. In each direction 10 times.
- In standing position, legs together, arms along the body, make gentle curves to the sides so that the hand touches the knee. Repeat at least 10 times in both directions.
- Position yourself with your fists below your shoulder blades and begin to lean back as far as possible. Hold the position for a few seconds, then you need to straighten up, lean forward and slightly reduce your shoulders. Repeat 8-10 times.
As with any therapeutic gymnastics, exercises in osteochondrosis of the cervico-thoracic spine are performed strictly after alleviating the pain syndrome. It is necessary to do it regularly, the only way to achieve the desired effect.
Therapeutic gymnastics in the osteochondrosis of the cervical and thoracic area is the most important part of the therapy, along with the taking of medications and physiotherapeutic procedures. It allows you to get rid of the manifestations of the disease for a long time and significantly improves the patient’s condition, but only on the condition that the person treats the recreational exercise responsibly and begins to exercise regularly.