Art therapy is one of the methods of psychotherapy, based on the application of the patient’s creative abilities. Its goal is to calm, relax a person and achieve inner harmony.
With the help of art, a person can express their most secret emotions: anger, fear, resentment and insecurity.
Splashing negative feelings, restore order in your soul, your inner state improves. For artistic therapy, no special financial investments are required, many hours of conversations with a psychologist are not necessary.
A person should only do what is good for him and bring him complete relaxation.
Art therapy for children and adults.
So, what is art therapy? It is based on the sublimation method.
Sublimation is the ability to redirect energy from one object to another to relieve internal tension.
Literally, art therapy is translated as art treatment. Each person has the beginnings of creative abilities, all are expressed differently.
Someone draws well, but someone just wants to learn it. One of the undoubted advantages of the technique is that it applies to both adults and children.
Some people are ashamed to express their creativity, believing that time is already lost. Children in this sense are more open, they are happy to do what they want, without thinking about how others will react.
Why do you have to deal with your inner discomfort? Untold thoughts and fears, unprocessed fears lead to the fact that not only our psyche and soul suffer, but also our body.
Thus, psychosomatic diseases and neurotic disorders appear. Spilling on the paper all the negative that has accumulated inside, a person helps clean.
Does this mean that the method of this therapy is only in the drawing? Absolutely
There are as many artistic therapy directions as there are directions in art. The main ones are the independent writing of short works in prose or poetry, dancing, sculpting, making dolls and crafts, making bouquets.
Even simple drawing can be done in several techniques. The most original of them: drawing with salt, crumpled paper, soap bubbles.
Art therapy can not be used as a treatment for serious mental disorders and diseases, but it will help eliminate hidden fears and complexes and achieve harmony and tranquility.
Indications for the use of art therapy.
Who needs an art technique? The indications for its use are the following:
- Emotional recovery after losing a loved one.
- Phobias, fears, obsessive thoughts.
- low self-esteem
- depressive states
- chronic stress, neurosis
- greater anxiety
- sleep disorders
- Frequent conflicts in the school for children and adolescents.
In other words, the list of indications includes conditions that make a person feel insecure and psychologically ill.
The contraindications for art therapy are severe depression, altered consciousness, manic states.
The therapy sessions can be carried out individually, but at will the patient can attend group sessions. Some prefer to come to the sessions with the whole family.
This contributes to the closeness of family members and the formation of mutual understanding between them. There are centers of artistic therapy in psychiatric clinics, several social centers, centers for children’s creativity.
Art therapy in psychology aims to provide a safe outlet for negative emotions and feelings, work through repressed fears and anxieties, develop self-discipline, focus the patient’s attention on the feelings they experience, encourage the development of creative skills.
When a person sees the fruits of his work, his mood improves and his self-esteem increases. In addition, art therapy can be considered as an auxiliary method during clinical psychotherapy.
Methods of artistic therapy for children.
Art therapy for children is perceived by children as a fun and exciting game. Psychotherapists who work with young patients know how important it is to establish contact with the child and instill confidence in them.
During the lessons, the baby’s creative potential is revealed, the parts of the brain that are responsible for the development of creative thinking.
When working with children, in addition to drawing, you can use the following methods:
- Sand games All that is needed for them is a small box of sand and toys: molds and shovels. Children love fiddling with sand, building various shapes and even small buildings. It relaxes them and develops fine motor skills.
Classes are shown to children who have suffered stress: lost someone from family or friends, changed their place of residence, moved to another school or kindergarten. In addition, experts recommend this method to children with a mild form of autism spectrum disorders. Now for sale is kinetic sand, it is even more suitable for such activities.
- Fairy tale therapy. Ideal for children of 3-7 years. The task of the specialist is to create a good story together with the child. To begin with, the baby is asked to tell about the fairy creature he likes best. Then they start asking important questions: what it looks like, where it is, who the friends are with, what it likes to do. As a result of fairy tale therapy, the child forms the correct ideas about moral values, relationships between people.
- Participation in theatrical mini-productions. When a child tests himself as an actor, he learns to express his feelings not only with words, but also with gestures and facial expressions. By testing other people’s images, children will be able to better understand the feelings of others, develop the ability to sympathize and empathize.
- Music therapy for children. Music has a great impact on people, this is a proven fact. The correctly selected classical compositions will help the child to relax and relieve stress, to calm the nervous system.
Music therapy is recommended for neurological disorders, poor performance, delayed speech development. During the previous sessions, the specialist talks with the children about the basic concepts of musicology: it explains what rhythm, harmony and musical instruments are.
You can also sculpt with children, make homemade dolls, make crafts with waste materials, paint with your fingers. All this is also a form of healing art.
How quickly can you see the result
Many people do not understand why you need to spend several hours modeling, drawing or dancing, if you can resort to standard methods of psychotherapy, for example, to speak with a qualified therapist.
The fact is that art therapy allows you to get rid of complexes and internal stiffness. It is very important not to compare the results of your work with others.
Each drawing or dance is unique if it is made with a soul and with a pure heart.
Some people will feel better after the first sessions, others will need several months. Art therapy gives you the opportunity to open up with a new side.
Perhaps the man himself did not suspect his talent for any kind of art. Young children reveal their creative potential especially fast.
Also, it is very important that during a session a person does not distract anything. He dedicates himself completely to the occupation, distracts himself from the pressing problems and focuses on his sensations.
This gives you the opportunity to be alone with your feelings.