Privar is the medical term for a fungal infection that affects the skin, hair and claws of cats. The most famous of these is microsporosis, or ringworm. This disease occurs in dogs and other mammals.
In cats, this infection is more common in long-haired breeds than in short-haired ones. Ringworm in cats is diagnosed mainly in kittens or young cats.
In cats with affected lichens, symptoms in the early stages are associated with the death of skin cells. These cells can result in:
- to dandruff
- Wool deterioration
- To the redness and irritation of the skin.
- Darkening of the skin (hyperpigmentation).
- Hair loss (alopecia)
These symptoms usually affect the round area of the skin. The classic sign of depriving cats is the loss of focal (circular) hair.
Other focal lesions characteristic of ringworm are nodular, rounded or granulomatous lesions. In the folds of the skin bordering the claw, inflammation can begin, also known as paraonychia.
These symptoms are just some of the possible signs of ringworm in cats, many of them are asymptomatic. These types of cats that are infected with ringworm are classified as asymptomatic carriers tolerate the disease, but do not show visible signs of the disease.
It is important to understand that, although they do not look sick, these cats are infectious to humans and other animals.
Causes of lichen infection
Ringworm is by far the most common cause of dermatophytosis (fungal diseases) in cats. The incidence varies greatly depending on the geographical location.
Areas that are densely populated with animals (for example, nurseries or animal shelters), or that are heavily contaminated and not quarantined, significantly increase the risk of infection by deprivation.
Weakened immunity or the use of immunosuppressive medications (factors that reduce the body’s ability to respond to a normal immune response) increases the likelihood that the cat will become infected with a fungal infection of the skin, hair or nails.
The veterinarian will scrape the mushroom culture from the skin and perform a microscopic examination of the sample. You may need a biopsy.
An ultraviolet diagnosis (fluorescent diagnosis) may also be required.
Ringworm in most cats can be treated at home, as an outpatient, but it is important to consider quarantine procedures due to the infectious and zoonotic nature (transmitted to humans) of the disease. Your veterinarian should prescribe antifungal medications.
The Elizabethan collar (wide collar around the neck) is often recommended to avoid licking and swallowing medicines that are used on the cat’s skin.
The cultivation of fungi is the only way to control the treatment of the cat. The condition of many animals can improve as they are treated, but mushroom cultivation can produce positive results. It is advisable to continue the treatment until at least one result gives a negative result.
A blood test should be done once a week or twice if the cat receives griseofulvin or another antifungal antibiotic. In addition, a blood test will help control the condition of the liver in cats that receive ketoconazole or itraconazole.
It is also important to understand that non-professional medication in the treatment of lichen can increase the likelihood of the disease becoming chronic.
Prevention of lichen
To prevent the spread of other animals, it is important to establish a quarantine for an infected animal and to control all animals in the house. The treatment of an infected cat must be carried out properly to prevent the recurrence of the disease.
Rodents should also be considered as possible carriers of the disease. If you suspect that the cat is dealing with rodents, it is strongly recommended to take the necessary measures to eliminate the pests.
What is ringworm?
Ringworm is not a parasite, it is a fungal infection. Ringworm is relatively common in cats and leads to focal and circular hair loss.
What are the main symptoms of ringworm?
The classic symptoms of ringworm in cats are skin lesions that usually appear on the head, ears and forelimbs. Depriving can cause bald patches that look red in the center.
In mild cases, localized areas of redness or simply dandruff appear on the skin.
How do cats get infected with lichen?
Cats can become infected by direct or indirect contact with an infected animal, through bedding, dishes and other objects that have been contaminated with the cells or hair of sick animals. Tinea spores are very viable and can survive in the environment for more than a year.
Which cats are more vulnerable to licking?
Any cat can get infected, but kittens less than a year old are the most vulnerable to the disease. Long-haired cats and immunocompromised animals are also more prone to infection.
What happens if the cat is likely to have a measles infection?
The infection can potentially spread to the entire body of the cat, so it is important to show it to the veterinarian for an accurate diagnosis. And since lichen can be transferred to you and other animals, it is recommended that you quarantine the animal immediately while the veterinarian makes a diagnosis.
You should also wash your hands well after each contact with the cat.
How is ringworm diagnosed?
Because some cats have almost no symptoms, the diagnosis is rarely made based on appearance and physical examination. Diagnosis may require ultraviolet light, microscopic or cultural examination.
How to treat lichen?
The treatment of lichen depends on the severity of the infection. The veterinarian may prescribe a shampoo or ointment that contains special preparations that can kill the fungus.
In some cases, oral medications are needed. It can take several months to eradicate the fungus completely.
This is important to prevent the recurrence of the disease.
How to prevent the spread of deprive?
If the veterinarian has diagnosed a lichen, you must explain what you must do to prevent the fungus from spreading to other pets and family members. The doctor can recommend the following measures:
- Bathe or rinse all pets with a special shampoo.
- Wash all bedding and disinfect the toys of an infected animal.
- Discard items that can not be completely disinfected.
- Frequent cleaning with a vacuum cleaner to clean the house of wool and skin cells.
- Strict rules of personal hygiene after bathing or touching the cat.
What can happen if lichen is not treated?
If a cat with a lichen is not treated properly, the fungus can spread to large parts of the animal’s body, leading to hair loss and skin infections.