Chair to give their own hands can make everyone! The reason for this optimism is the absence of strict restrictions and a variety of design and design solutions.
The garden furniture, like no other, offers a great margin for the realization of your ideas about beauty.
For the construction of the chair is not necessarily used first class wood, often used materials by hand (cable reels, pallets, etc.). Even if your hands never held anything heavier than a fountain pen, they will certainly reach the tool. It is difficult to resist temptation, looking for simple and affordable solutions to furnish villas.
In addition, it is not necessary to copy them blindly: modify the designs, do amazing and unique things, be original.
We start with the basics: we make a stool.
Fig.1 Stool samples
Riding a simple wooden stool is no more difficult than making a box. Figure 1 in position 1 shows the classic construction, pos.
2 – It’s the same, but artistically decorated. Pos.
3-8 are light stools, in which the legs are attached to the shots in a solid and thick seat or in the shots created by the handkerchiefs. The greatest resistance and comfort for a seated person is achieved by using an X-shaped ruler system (pos.
Fig.2 The device is a simple stool.
Fig.3 Tsarga – the main element of the design, together with legs and spots. Thong gaskets, bolts and couplers can be used for fastening.
It serves to hold the seat and connect the legs. The figure shows the options for the implementation of the king.
In position 1 there is a stool with legs in the nests.
In order that the legs of the lightened stool do not break, they must move slightly separated from the axis of symmetry towards the outside (from 7 to 12 °) or bend in an arch and extend upwards. To trim the heels and the tip of the legs to the desired angle, the workpiece is held firmly and cut in 1 pass.
An additional adjustment to achieve the required precision is very difficult.
Simple stool designs.
In positions 9 and 10 of Figure 1, heavy, heavy-use, but very durable stools are shown. They are easy to manufacture, so pay attention to these designs for beginners.
Fig.4 Heavy stool drawings
The figure above shows the different types of heavy stools. On the right, the details of the cabinet are cut in semi-wood (the slot for the box is usually not shown). The shape of the seats is centrally symmetrical, the support is in pins.
If soft covers are used in round stools, on the outside they can not be distinguished from the poufs that require more work.
Fig.5 Stool stool drawings of 4 pieces.
Stools (box) lighter, more comfortable, require the use of only 4 parts. It is easy to assemble them, all the joints are on the pegs, the structures can stretch to become a bank.
The height of the stools, as can be seen in the drawings, can be different, according to the needs: for the children, for the needs of the home, for the room.
Fig.6 The hardened economic stool scheme.
To give a nice appearance, a sidewall liner is possible, as shown in the position at. The design is ideal for a country house and a garden: simple, easy, cheap to manufacture, it looks good, it is durable and comfortable.
Other models of stools.
Positions 13-14 of Figure 1 show stools of similar appearance to box-shaped, but mounted on 4 flat, wide legs. Similar constructions are made with boards or paved czars, the legs are fastened with a bow, located so that it does not interfere with the legs.
Positions 15-16 represent the hinged foot stools. To give them the required resistance, apply two perpendicular and 2 lead prongs (pos.15) or 4 bar beams, which form the upper frame, as well as the loop between the crosses (pos.
Fig.7 Foldable stool: drawing, folding method
In positions 17-20, creative performances of stools in different styles are presented. The execution of such structures is recommended after mastering the initial skills of the carpenter.
The designs of the stools are quite plastic, tolerate changes in the configuration of the pieces, so they offer space for the realization of the original creative ideas.
Do not use softwood that rots easily for field furniture, discard aspen, aspen, willow, alder. For the manufacture of a seat, it is allowed to use pine or spruce, but the whole structure can also be made of hardwood: birch, oak, maple, beech.
Ways to join pieces of wood.
Making a chair to give your own wooden hands will require the ability to combine elements:
- half frame
- tongue and groove joint
- thorn slot connection
- connection shkantami.
Fig.8 Insert in the middle of the tree, 1 – closed connection (crossed), 2 – open (angle), 3 – deaf (closed half) to tie on the beam, 4 – connection along the edge (support of the stool-bollard) .
The connection shown in the previous figure is the simplest, but it is quite reliable with additional fixing with pins, bolts, screws and nails (2-3 per connection). It reinforces the design and dimensioning. The procedure for working with a hand tool is as follows: a nap is made at the edges of the excavation (leaving 0.5-1 mm at the desired depth), all the excess is cleaned with a chisel.
Making deeper points to remove a matrix with a single blow is considered a manufacturing defect.
Fig.9. Slot-groove and tongue-and-groove joints: 1 – single slot open tab, 2 – double open, 3 – closed, 4 – tongue slot
The tongue and groove joints shown in positions 1-3 are strong enough with a fastening point, or even without it, only with the size. It is more difficult to make a closed connection (you will need a long and accurate extraction of a perforated matrix at the edges), but it will be more reliable and stronger.
The tip-groove connection is mechanically similar to the tongue and groove, often mistakenly taken one after the other. However, the spike of the shoulder eludes it from all sides, which is fundamentally different from the design of the ridge.
This connection: one piece, very durable and does not require additional closures, except the glue.
Fig.10 Connection on the pins: 1 – final marking, 2 – drilling holes in the end, 3 – marking, drilling holes in the face and connection
Spikes are called round or octagonal thorns of hardwood, which are made separately from the elements that will be joined. Shkanty wedge during assembly called pins, such connections are durable, reliable, one-piece.
We sit comfortably with our backs.
Country-made country chairs, made with fiction and taste, can be very different from the samples shown here. Blind copy is not required, what is more important, dealing with the required proportions, the assembly principle and the design characteristics of the selected model.
Fig.11 Standard chair
Fig.12 Chair assembly
The frame of the chair (without seat) is assembled twice, rough (without wedges, dry) and finally. Assembly begins with an “apron” (back legs, back, longitudinal side bar), after which the front part connects to it.
The garden chair can have a rigid integral backrest or adjustment of type, elements that are fastened to the spines. For the sake of aesthetic appeal, joints with open and through dowels are rarely used.
Bolts, konfirmaty, screws are used infrequently. The nails are not used under any circumstances.
Fig.13. Making a slot for a furniture spike
Summer residents often opt for folding chairs that take up little space when folded. In this regard, it is necessary to protect the master of the house from the failed construction that is still in circulation.
Fig.14. Foldable chair model is not recommended. Due to the large forward seat, the stability is disturbed, when sitting on the edge of the chair, it is easy to find yourself on the ground
Fig.15 Designs of folding chairs to give away.
Fig.16. Garden chair
Very often, materials for the manufacture of garden chairs are at hand. For furniture that allows you to relax in the garden, sunbathing, you do not need first class wood.
Pallets, barrels, cable reels and other perfectly aged wood products are perfect.
Show your ingenuity and skill by decorating the site with original chairs, chairs, benches and stools. Make any place in your cabin comfortable, organize family parties and picnics, using the original “seats” made at home.
Fig.17 Barrel sketch chair
Fig.18. Barrel furniture
The pallets are made of very durable wood, they are very cheap, they are easy to modify (cut, connect, etc.). The pallet furniture can be placed both in an open place and under an awning. And any chair or chair can be easily transformed into soft with the help of a pillow.
The work with pallets will be discussed in the presence of a saw, drill, screwdriver (screwdriver). For fasteners, you can use screws with nuts and screws.
Fig.19 The most common pallet designs.
Before starting work, do not forget to make sure of the strength of the selected pallets, their resistance to breakage, the absence of protruding nails and the sharp irregular edges. Clean the pallet with a brush or a broom, if necessary, do not be too lazy to rinse with water from a hose.
Each crack, hole in wood, is plastered with a special putty or plaster. Then, the platform must be sanded thoroughly to avoid the possibility of splinters.
A sanding machine will be a good help in this matter, and if it is not available, use sandpaper or sanding stone. We recommend performing this operation in a well-ventilated area and wearing a protective mask.
After cutting the size, the pieces are treated with a special impregnation water repellent, since the outdoor operation requires adequate protection.