The most convenient way to store various things, tools and cans with preservation is to place them on the shelves. Such designs can be purchased in the store or do it yourself. To reduce financial costs, it is recommended to choose the second option.
The shelves can be made of wood, concrete or metal corners.
Characteristics of the manufacture of profile structures.
The most popular shelves are hand-picked from a metal profile with wooden shelves. These products are characterized by their high strength and ability to withstand significant loads.
Their sizes can be selected individually, depending on the dimensions of the room and the needs of the owner.
To use the space with the maximum benefit, the shelves corresponding to the width and height of the walls are often installed in warehouses and warehouses. An owner who wants to make a frame for the entire length of the wall, along which it will be located, should remember that the actual length of the structure should be 10-15 cm shorter than the wall, otherwise, the product can not be placed in the intended place.
So that the shelves do not bend or break during the operation, it is necessary to take into account the maximum weight of the load that is supposed to be stored in them. Therefore, if the weight of the load exceeds 20 kg, it is recommended to use boards with a thickness of more than 20 mm in the manufacture of the frame.
You should also remember about the maximum length of the shelf, which should not be more than 75 cm. Otherwise, additional supports must be made.
The recommended depth of the shelf made by you is from 40 to 60 cm. This is a universal depth that allows you to store several items on the shelves.
The height of the shelves should correspond to the size of the objects that will be stored in them. On average, it is 30-50 cm, while for liter cans, a height of 25 cm is sufficient, for bottles of two liters – 30 cm, for bottles of three liters – 40 cm.
The lower shelf is usually higher than the next approximately 2 times.
Preparation for work
Before starting the assembly, it is necessary to draw a picture of the future construction and count the number of materials for the job. To make your own shelves, it is recommended to use a corner of 30×50 mm for racks and 15×25 mm for frames for shelves.
For the shelves, you will need wood or agglomerate with a thickness of 15-25 mm, the boards must be pre-treated, painted or greased.
The images of the profile and the boards are calculated by adding the lengths of the structural elements, the consumables may also be necessary, in particular, the screws threaded in 10. To make a frame 200 cm high, 150 cm wide and 40 cm depth, 4 frames of 200 cm are needed. 4 corners for the front and rear parts with a length of 150 cm and 4 lateral crossbars of 40 cm.
In addition, the master will need work tools: welding machine (if applicable, a drill), saw, Bulgarian, drills, tape measure, level, chalk.
Assembly instructions for the frame
To make the shelves with your own hands, you need to mark a previously prepared profile and then cut the components with the help of a grinder.
Profile cutting can also be requested from suppliers of metal structures, but for this service you will have to pay an additional fee. Then, using solder, you need to make a frame with your own hands.
Special attention must be paid during welding to the joints in the joints of the parts. It is imperative to ensure that the design is smooth.
When the frames for the shelves are ready, on the vertical poles you must mark the places of your coupling, strictly controlling the horizontal. The connection of parts of the structure can be done by welding.
If it is important for the owner to be able to disassemble the structure and even change the height of the shelves, then preference should be given to fastening the frame with bolts. It is not difficult to do it yourself if the perforated profile was used for the fabrication of structures.
If the corner does not have holes, you must mark the drilling locations on the uprights and the frame (so that during the assembly they coincide and the bolt can enter them). Then you need to form the holes for the bolts.
If in the future it is assumed that the height of the shelves will change, then you will have to drill additional holes. This solution allows you to make the frame more comfortable to use, but it requires extra effort (compared to welding).
When the product frame is ready, it should be coated with a primer and then painted, which will minimize the risk of metal corrosion.
For the manufacture of shelves with your own hands, you can use plastic, metal, agglomerate, wood, plywood or any other material that can support the corresponding loads. But most shelves are equipped with wooden shelves.
This material is easy to process, durable and reliable.
In the manufacture of shelves with your own hands, you must remember that to give maximum resistance to the table you should not cut, but through the frame. In this case, the shelves will bend less and can support significant loads.
When the blanks are cut, they should be tested, if they fit well and do not move in the frame, then you can process them with your own hands. The most common treatment is to paint, although the option of greasing is not less popular. Then the shelves should be allowed to dry completely.
After that, they should be screwed to the frame with metal screws.
One of the main problems faced by people who use shelves is the instability of the products. To avoid the possible fall of the structure, its fixation to the wall with supports or spacers is allowed.