Angioprotectors are a pharmacological group of drugs designed for the treatment of vascular pathologies and diseases of the cardiac organ.
These medications are used:
- To improve the functionality of the choroid.
- To improve blood microcirculation.
- To enhance the rheological action of blood.
- To normalize the metabolism in the cells of the tissues of the organs.
The effect of angioprotectors in the body.
The drugs of this pharmacological group have the following therapeutic effects:
- Relieve spasms of blood vessels.
- They have the properties to expand the shell of blood vessels.
- Antibradikinin property
- Remove the swelling
- Improve metabolism
- Adjust the composition of the blood.
These medicines normalize the performance of blood flow, increase vascular tone and also increase the speed of blood in the bloodstream.
The properties of the drugs manifest angioprotectors after their interaction with:
- Endothelial cells
- Leukocyte molecules
- Myocyte molecules.
The angioprotective preparations are divided into several directions:
- According to the form of origin (synthetic and natural vegetable).
- According to its component composition (monopreparations are troxerutin and several components in the combined agent are Detralex, Indovazin).
Natural herbal remedies are much safer than their synthetic counterparts and produce less cork action.
For pharmacological types of generations.
The mechanism of action on the body of angioprotectors.
The angioprotector effect allows to normalize the blood flow and improve the functionality of the blood flow system of the whole body, especially to improve the movement of blood in the periphery.
These drugs have the properties of blood plasma dilution and reduce the effect on vascular resistance during blood flow along the arterial bed.
Therapeutic properties of angioprotectors:
- Suppress the synthesis of hyaluronidase.
- It has the function of antagonist of prostaglandin molecules.
- Reduce the aggregation of platelet molecules.
- Stimulate the production of mucopolysaccharide molecules in capillary shells.
- Improves the permeability of the arteries.
- Reduce the adhesion of platelet molecules in the blood plasma.
Indications for the use of angioprotectors.
The angioprotectores are used in the treatment of such pathologies:
- When vascular pathologies caused by diabetes.
- With vascular pathologies caused by rheumatism.
- With atherosclerosis
- Thrombosis disease
- Alterations in the blood supply to brain cells
- Deviations in the functionality of the cerebral arteries.
- In violation of the blood flow of the coronary arteries, with coronary insufficiency.
- Varicose vein disease
- Venous outlet insufficiency
- With the defeat of the capillaries.
- In diabetic retinopathy.
- With neuropathy of the lower extremities.
- With myelopathy
- In the pathology of microangiopathy.
- For the treatment of trophic ulcers of the leg.
Contraindications of use.
The contraindications for the designation of pharmacological drugs of the group of angioprotectores can be:
- Intolerance to the body of some ingredients in the composition of drugs.
- With inflammation in the digestive system.
- In case of malfunction of the stomach and intestines.
- Children under 16 years old.
- In the period of prenatal gestation of the child. The use of drugs during pregnancy is prohibited, especially during the first or second trimester of fetal development.
- The lactation of the baby.
No external preparations with angioprotective properties are prescribed:
- If there are abrasions and wounds on the skin.
- With infections in the soft fibers of the skin.
- Allergy to the components
- With trophic ulcers that do not heal and that are not amenable to medical treatment.
It is permitted to use angioprotective agents only by the prescription of the attending physician, who will prescribe the angiotropic therapy scheme and will also calculate the correct dose of the drugs.
The list of the most used in the treatment of diseases of the vascular system and pathologies in the groups of angioprotectors in the bloodstream:
Who is prescribing angioprotectors?
Angioprotectors are a pharmacological group of therapeutic agents that aim to restore the functionality of the blood flow system and strengthen the choroidal membranes.
In the modern world, vascular pathologies are much younger, and now quite often vascular and cardiac diseases occur in active young people.
The angioprotectores are prescribed by such specialists:
- Vascular surgeons prescribe this group in case of aortic disease, coronary vascular disease, with varicose veins and atherosclerosis obliterans of the extremities, in order to reduce capillary permeability.
- The neurologist prescribes drugs with an angioprotective effect to restore cerebral blood flow, as well as to prevent the onset of cerebral hemorrhage (cerebrovascular accident) based on atherosclerosis of cerebral vessels
- Doctors prescribe drugs from this group for lung diseases and pulmonary artery failure.
- Endocrinologists: to restore vascular membranes in diabetes mellitus and in the pathology of diabetic type angiopathy.
- Cardiologists: they prescribe angioprotectors in almost all pathologies of the cardiac organ, as well as with a high BP index, in the post-infarction period, of coronary insufficiency.
This group of drugs can not completely restore the vascular wall, recovery occurs partially, and the properties of these drugs are an accelerated process of formation of a detour route of the affected vascular area.
In this way, the blood supply to the organs is improved and the cells of the tissues do not have a nutritional deficit.
Cardiologist prescribes angioprotectors
The list of medications that are taken externally and internally.
The angioprotectors, which are taken orally, are available in the form of tablet preparations. Also in the form of capsules and solutions for introduction into the vein and muscle.
External preparations that have an anti-protective effect are available in the form of ointments to apply to the skin, topical gels.