In the fall, when the weather changes drastically, there is often a cold, which is not overlooked and nursing mothers. She often catches an unsuspecting young woman, and her state of health leaves much to be desired.
With a cold, there is always a concern about not infecting a child and if it is possible to breastfeed if the woman is ill, what can be treated so as not to harm breastfeeding and the child’s health with medication.
The common cold is a collective concept that characterizes a group of viral and microbial infections linked by common and similar manifestations. Usually, a cold can cause inflammation of the nose and throat, there may be general malaise and fever.
In medicine, colds are commonly known as acute respiratory viral infections (acute respiratory viral infections) or acute respiratory infections (acute respiratory infections).
Today, more than 200 respiratory viruses and several dozen microbial infections are known. They can affect a mother who is breastfeeding, causing unpleasant symptoms and causing disorders in the general state and well-being.
In general, the cold during breastfeeding manifests itself in symptoms such as:
- Itching and dryness of the nose, frequent sneezing.
- hoarseness, irritation and sore throat
- dry or wet cough
- muscle pains and joints
- general malaise, weakness, drowsiness
- from low to high temperature
- Nasal discharge of clear character, fluid and abundant with thickening, scabs.
- Pain in the throat when swallowing, discomfort in the throat.
- Pain in the eyes, tearing, photophobia.
For certain types of viral infections, the combination of symptoms may be different, and the manifestations vary from mild to severe, which causes significant discomfort for the woman.
A cold during breastfeeding is also dangerous due to the fact that a woman’s body has not fully recovered after childbirth, works with stress and immunity does not work completely.
This can threaten complications if the cold is ignored or treated incorrectly. In addition, nursing mothers are concerned with a cold for the baby and his health.
Colds during breastfeeding: how not to infect a baby
With the development of colds during breastfeeding in the mother, there is always the question of whether it is possible to continue feeding the baby.
According to doctors and lactation specialists, it is necessary to do this, observing all precautions and actively treating the common cold.
With the development of ARVI in the mother, the child along with her, most likely, will also receive a virus, but due to the antibodies in her breast milk, she will not get sick or suffer from a cold quickly and easily.
Often, with a cold, mothers try to wear a mask, isolate the child from themselves as much as possible, but these measures are ineffective, the mask protects only half an hour from the moment it is put on, then it must be changed or boil (if it’s a gauze bandage)
Also, being in the same house, a sick woman, almost never, contacts the child and sends some of the viruses.
Therefore, it is often necessary to actively and actively feed the child to transfer antibodies, as well as to carry out all preventive measures for the common cold and to be actively treated with medicines and methods compatible with breastfeeding.
Cold during breastfeeding: how to be treated?
A cold during breastfeeding requires a special approach to treatment to be effective for the mother and safe for the child. In many cases, local therapy and traditional treatment methods are actively used, however, with such approaches, the manifestations of the common cold persist longer than with classical therapy.
Today, many cold medicines are sold on the shelves of pharmacies, but not all are indicated for nursing mothers and are safe for children. It is forbidden to take medications such as aspirin, teraflu, flucald, coldrex and the like.
A cold during lactation requires careful selection of medications with a predominantly local effect and low penetration into breast milk.
Methods treatment Nursing
With a sore throat, it is necessary to actively eliminate the inflammation and the pathogenic objects that cause it.
For these purposes, local antiseptics are used: Miramistine spray, hexoral, Strepsil pills, Lugol’s solution, Tantum Verde spray and other local preparations. They have analgesic, antiseptic and anti-inflammatory effects.
Cough preparations should be selected only with a doctor, as some preparations, including herbal preparations, may affect breastfeeding and the child. With dry cough, lasolvan, ambroxol, doctor and herbion are used for expectoration and thinning of a sputum.
You can also use drugs of plant origin – gedelix, bronchikum, chest elixir.
When coughing, it is important to drink plenty of fluids, alkaline drinks and inhalation, which helps dilute and eliminate sputum from the bronchi. Gently treat tea with raspberries, lemon and honey, as they can be strong allergens.
If you have a cold, you should also carefully consider the choice of medications: vasoconstrictor drops and aerosols are forbidden to use for more than three days, the safest are the herbal preparations: pinosol, doctor of the com.
It is important to rinse and moisten the nasal cavity with preparations such as saline, aqualor, aquamarine, seawater. With a strong congestion, the swelling will help to spray vibrocil, as well as the vasoconstrictor drugs – snoop, tezin, nazol.
Preparations for oral administration during lactation.
In the presence of general malaise and fever, with a temperature increase of more than 38.5 degrees, it may be necessary to take antipyretic medications. Paracetamol and ibuprofen are considered the safest for nursing mothers.
With a good tolerance, the temperature should not be reduced to 38.0-38.5, it is a help for the body in the fight against viruses. If it is necessary to receive antipyretics, you should start with paracetamol or apply physical cooling methods: abundant fluid intake, rubbing with a damp sponge.
If acetaminophen is not effective, ibuprofen can be used.
The use of antibiotics for the common cold is prohibited. They should be prescribed only by a doctor and only according to strict indications (angina pectoris, bronchitis, otitis).
The remaining antibiotics are prescribed in short courses and under the supervision of a doctor.
Cold lips during breastfeeding.
A separate version of the disease is a cold on the lip during breastfeeding. This is an aggravation of herpes infection, which is dangerous in terms of transmission to the child.
Therefore, with the appearance of herpes on the lips, an active local antiviral therapy is required: acyclovir, zovirax and adherence to the strictest personal hygiene measures.
Herpes is transmitted with saliva during contact is prohibited to kiss a child, lick their spoons and nipples.
In severe herpes infections with malaise and fever, it is necessary to discuss with your doctor the possibilities of systemic treatment with acyclovir.