Soon your baby will be 3 years old, the preschool period is gradually completing, which is replaced by the preschool age. During this time, the child has grown remarkably and has learned a lot.
He is learning by looking at you.
Physical development of a child at 2 years 9 months.
The growth rate of a child at 2 years is not as intense as in the first year of life, but still the child adds about 2.5 kg for this year of life and grows from 7 to 8 cm.
According to the percentile tables of the weight distribution and body length in children, the average indicators are:
Average body weight of a child at 2 years 9 months
- Children – 13.2 – 15.6 kg
- Girls – 12.9 – 14.9 kg.
The average duration of the child in 2 years 9 months.
- Children – 90.0 – 97.4 cm
- Girls – 90.0 – 95.5 cm.
Small muscles of the hands and fingers, the facial muscles continue to develop actively. The muscles of the extremities and the back are well developed.
At this age, the baby has a complete set of baby teeth (a total of 20).
The work of many organs and body systems is reorganized to a new, more adult level.
Neuropsychic development of a child at 2 years 9 months.
The child already has many skills, loves to be independent, very active and inquisitive.
Motor skills of a child at 2 years 9 months.
At 2 years and 9 months, the child walks fast, runs, overcomes small obstacles. Able to go down and up stairs. Rides on a narrow board.
Jumps on two legs, bends, gets up and walks on socks. You can crawl under the obstacle.
To improve motor skills, it is useful to do gymnastics with a child and play outdoor games.
Psychological development of a child at 2 years 9 months.
At this age, your baby should know the names of the parts of the body, the primary colors and the main types of geometric shapes.
The child at this age has a very good memory. A child can learn a small poem, a song.
The child can play not only in plot games, but can also participate in small theatrical performances.
I like to play with the designer, the pyramid, the folding toys. Many children love drawing with paints and pencils, sculpting clay.
At this age, young children carry books and manuals with decals.
The child can play with other children both in outdoor games and in games that require communication skills.
Development of the child’s speech in 2 years 9 months.
The baby is actively expanding the vocabulary. The pronunciation is becoming clearer, but some of the child’s complex words are still simplified or abbreviated.
Each day the number of questions increases, the child wants to know everything in the world. The age of “why the players”: the parents must be patient, since the child can ask the same thing many times in a row, until he learns new information.
At this age, the child likes to participate in a general conversation, while the baby begins to communicate not only with their loved ones, but also with people who arrive at random in the store, in the clinic, on the street.
The child, at his childhood level, understands what is said, inserts his words and phrases in the conversation.
In the conversation he uses simple sentences of 3-5 words.
Emotional development of a child at 2 years 9 months.
At this age, a child can overwhelm all possible emotions and feelings, which can sometimes be very difficult to manage. The task of the parents is to pay more attention to the child, as far as possible, more flexible and patient.
At this age, the baby has a very developed sense of humor, is able to take jokes and pranks.
The child is still strongly linked to family members, especially the mother.
Domestic skills of a child at 2 years 9 months.
At 2 years and 9 months, babies already know how to dress and undress almost without the help of adults.
Many babies already have basic personal hygiene skills, so a child of 2 years and 9 months can wash, wash their hands before eating and clean them with a towel, comb their hair and brush their teeth (in the presence of adults).
If during this year she has taught the child to order, then at 2 years and 9 months she is able to remove the toys, put the clothes in a closet and make a bed.
What can a child do in 2 years 9 months?
- Regardless, eat and drink from a cup.
- Dress up and remove simple costume items.
- You can put shoes with simple brooches.
- Wash, wash your hands, comb your hair, brush your teeth
- Order the pot.
Caring for a child at 2 years and 9 months.
More than three years, the care of the baby becomes much easier, since the child already knows how to do it. But without your participation, you can not do it.
To consolidate all the hygienic abilities of the child, it is necessary to repeat it every day. Your task is to trace and remember the child in time to wash his hands before eating, to wash before and after bed, to rinse his mouth after eating, to brush his teeth in the morning and at night, and so on.
It is also necessary to control the cleanliness and condition of the nails: they should be cut as they grow. As a general rule, the nails are attached to the arms once a week and on foot once in 2 weeks.
The most convenient way to do it is after the bath, when the legs are soft and you can easily cut them.
A night of sleep at this age becomes strong and long, but sleep during the day is still necessary. Sleep during the day should be approximately 1.5-2 hours.
Walking outdoors depends on the climate, on average, in winter it is recommended to walk approximately 1.5 hours a day, and in summer you can spend all day outdoors (weather permitting), not only in the sun, but in the shade. During walks, dress the child according to the weather so it does not freeze and do not overheat.
Infant nutrition at 2 years 9 months.
The diet of the child in 2 years 9 months – 4 times a day.
Try to meet the feeding hours. For example: 7:00 – breakfast 12:00 – lunch 15:00 – afternoon tea 18:00 – dinner.
The last meal should be 1.5 to 2 hours before bedtime.
Also pay attention to the duration of the meal: breakfast – approximately 15-20 minutes lunch – 20-25 minutes snack – 5-10 minutes dinner – 15-20 minutes.
It is not recommended to give children sweet foods between meals, as this reduces appetite.
The daily amount of food for a child of 2.5 to 3 years is approximately 1500-1600 ml.
The amount of food that is taken during the day varies in different foods. Then, for a child of 2.5 to 3 years of age at breakfast, it is approximately 400 ml, for lunch – 500-600 ml for a snack – 200 ml for dinner – 350 ml.
Due to the considerable expenditure of energy in the context of the child’s mobile activity and improved metabolic processes in the body, the need for basic nutrients remains quite high. So a child needs one day: protein – 50 grams of fat – 50 grams, carbohydrates – 210 grams.
The caloric content of the food during the day is approximately 1500 kcal.
It should be noted that 70% of the incoming proteins must be of animal origin (such as meat, liver, fish, eggs, dairy products).
Fats of vegetable origin should be about 10% of the total amount of fat, while butter and vegetable fats should not be subjected to a heat treatment.
Milk and milk products continue to occupy a leading position and are around 500-600 ml per day. Essential are cottage cheese, cheese, kefir.
Bread must also be daily in the child’s diet (around 60-90 grams per day).
A variety of cereal cereals – rice, buckwheat, oats, semolina are used to feed a child from 2.5 to 3 years old.
The child’s diet includes pasta.
Sugar is a necessary product, but in moderation. So the recommended amount of sugar per day is 50-60 grams.
Vegetables and fruits can be up to 350-4000 grams per day. At three years, the range of vegetables and fruits is expanding significantly.
It is necessary to properly distribute the type of food during the day. Therefore, foods rich in proteins, fats and extractive substances should be administered in the morning, as they can excite the nervous system and disturb sleep. Proteins and fats are poorly digested at night.
At night it is better to give the child cereals, vegetables and dairy dishes.
Exams required at 2 years and 9 months.
At 2 years and 9 months, you must visit a pediatrician. The doctor will measure the height and weight of the child, if their physical parameters and abilities match their age.
If necessary, give recommendations on nutrition, gymnastics, hardening of the baby.
Prophylactic tests or vaccines are not required for a healthy child at this age.
How to play with a baby at 2 years and 9 months?
At this age it is recommended to play with the child in active and active games. They can be games for different types of movement: walking, running, jumping, throwing, crawling, climbing and others.
It is especially interesting for the baby when the games are held in the form of competitions. At the end of which, the winner receives a prize.
In addition, the child continues playing role-playing and plot games (in the store, the doctor, the police officer, the teacher, the builder and others).
Joint economic issues are useful for the child at this age. Children love to help.
Bake, cook together, load the washing machine, clean the floor, sweep, wash the dishes. Do not forget to praise the child for his help and diligence.
For the development of speech it is useful to read books. During the reading, ask the child questions to understand if the child removes the plot.
Love and listen to your baby. A child is not a simple age, he learns many new things, he learns to build relationships with the outside world and people, and parents are his guides and support.
Be patient and remember that you are setting an example for your baby, so let him see more kindness and love.