The most difficult period is the adjustment period, late. The baby gradually becomes accustomed to the surrounding world, the restructuring of its organs and systems ends, the nervous system matures.
In the second month of life, the child’s active physical and emotional development continues.
The physical development of the child in the second month.
For the second month of life, the child, on average, earns 800 grams. The total weight gain in the last period is 1400 grams (600 grams for the first month and 800 grams for the second).
The baby grows in the second month of life in 2.5 to 3 cm (during the previous period of 5 to 6 cm).
The circumference of the head increases by 1-1.5 cm (for the previous period by 2-3 cm).
The circumference of the chest increases by 1.5-2 cm (in the last period) by 3-4 cm).
Neuropsychic development of the child in the second month.
To evaluate the neuropsychological development of a child, the doctor evaluates several basic criteria: motility, static, conditioned reflex activity, speech and higher nervous activity.
Motility (or movement) is the manipulative and purposeful activity of the child. At two months, the movements of the eye muscles become more coordinated, thanks to which the child fixes his eyes on bright objects.
Turning the head behind the toy indicates the development of the neck muscles.
Static is the fixation and retention of certain parts of the body in the desired position. The first sign of static in the baby is holding the head.
This ability appears after 2-3 months of life and is further improved.
The activity of the conditioned reflex is an adequate reaction of the child to various environmental irritants and their own needs. The main reflex of a two-month-old baby, like that of a newborn, still has an alimentary (dominant) reflex. But, in the second month, the child begins to have a smile and a revitalization complex for the appearance of the mother.
Signs of conditioned reflex activity also include auditory and visual concentration. At two months, in response to a loud and sharp sound, the child should blink.
Also at this age, the baby must already be well aware of the movement of the object.
Sensory speech is typical of a child’s first year of life: a child’s understanding of the individual words that come from. The first signs of speech appear in the baby at 4-6 weeks, when it begins to aukat.
Higher nervous activity: this criterion is developed as the formation of the nervous system, as well as on the basis of the formation of all the above criteria, education and child development. The final conclusion about the state of higher nervous activity can only be made in 5-6 years.
After the second month of life, the reflexes of the newborn begin to gradually fade.
View and hearing of a child from the second month of life.
After two months, the organs of vision have developed remarkably, so that a child can observe more closely (up to 30 seconds) a fixed object located at a distance of 30 to 50 cm from their eyes. This means that the child improves the visual concentration, this is evidenced by the fact that the child can already control closely not only the fixed objects, but also the objects in movement.
After two months, the baby no longer reacts simply to the sounds, but also tries to determine where these sounds come from. If you make a loud enough noise out of the baby’s sight (but less than a meter away from it) for 5 to 10 seconds, you will notice how the baby stops for a few seconds and then starts to turn your head, in one direction, and then in another. Trying to find the theme that made the sound.
The same baby reacts to human voices, especially to friends.
What should a baby do in the second month?
After two months, the baby can lift and hold its head independently for a few seconds.
Hold the toy with your hands and twist it, holding it firmly with the palm of your hand.
From the second month of life, the baby begins to build the first causal relationships. That is, he begins to understand that if he starts to cry or gives a voice, then he approaches him.
The child smiles, sings, captures the eye and watches objects in motion.
In healthy babies at the age of two months, muscle tone returns to normal. The child stops, clenching his fists so hard that the movements become freer.
The child can be calm and relaxed. At the same time, you have an interest in the objects that surround you, you can grab a diaper, rattle, care items, everything that comes from your hand.
The baby’s sleep takes about 18 hours a day. Begins to establish nighttime sleep for 8-10 hours with interruptions for feeding.
Baby care in the second month.
We continue carrying out all the necessary hygienic procedures (washing, washing, bathing, nail cutting and others).
You can gradually increase the number and duration of walks. After two months, even healthy children, it is recommended to perform massages and gymnastics.
Consult a pediatrician for any contraindication.
Many babies still shudder during sleep and wake up with involuntary movements of arms and legs, so it is necessary for babies to curl up to sleep better. But there are those who love freedom, so that babies feel more comfortable to sleep without diapers.
The required amount of food for a 2-month-old child is approximately 1/5 of the weight of their body, and should not exceed 1 liter. But do not stop there, all children are individual and a healthy child usually feels how much milk he needs.
Babies who are breastfed on demand, that is, without a pronounced regimen, can often be applied to the breast, with full feeding usually every 2-2.5 hours. In the two months, nocturnal feeds are required.
The period of colic has not yet passed, so pay special attention to prevention. The correct position after feeding, to eliminate excess air from the belly, frequent placement on the belly, massage, gymnastics and proper nutrition of the mother, are the main aspects in the prevention of intestinal colic in the babies.
In two months, at the reception of the clinic, the pediatrician will examine the child, assess their physical and psychological development. Up to 2 months of age, the baby should be examined by an eye doctor, a neuropathologist, a surgeon, an orthopedist.
In addition, the pediatrician will inform you about the results of the examination (complete blood count, urine, ultrasound of the hip joints and internal organs).
How to play with the baby in 2 months?
When the child begins to follow the objects in movement with greater intensity and distinguishes the sounds, try to talk more with him, read fairy tales, sing songs. Show him bright toys. You can play hide and seek with him, stop where he does not see you, but listen and start talking to him.
The child will start looking for you, but you should not try your patience for too long, after a few seconds, show yourself to the child and then hide on the other side. You can ring the bell or make a noise with a rattle, periodically changing its position, the child will react to the sound and will turn its head in the direction of the stimulus.
What toys are suitable at this age?
Very suitable toys that can be hung over the crib. Better if it’s going to be toys of different sizes and colors.
You can hang them so that the child can reach them with arms and legs. The baby will have even more joy if these toys make different sounds.
In two months for games with a child, you can use bells, bells and other toys that make sounds.
To strengthen muscles and prevent intestinal cramps, you can stack a child in a large ball and rock it carefully and carefully.