Teething can be called one of the most significant events of the first year of Karapuz’s life. Only this event, which parents expect so much, causes a lot of controversy, generates a lot of misconceptions. So what to look for when the first tooth appears in a baby?
Which symptoms are physiological and which are pathological?
All parents look forward, when will the first teeth appear on the baby? The so-called precursors of teething can indicate a teething soon.
In the fifth, closer to the sixth month of a child’s life, the babies are put in a bad mood, sleep is disturbed, babies can refuse to eat or, on the contrary, they are often put in the chest of the mother. And already at this moment, the parents begin to suggest teething.
The most typical and obvious sign of rash is the child’s desire to “scratch” the gums, with all the objects at hand that are in the access area.
Symptoms similar to the common symptoms of rash can be attributed, which are not specific.
Among the most reliable signs of the appearance of the first teeth in a baby are the signs that can be seen in the oral cavity, directly in the gums.
Shortly before the appearance of the first tooth, the gums at the desired eruption site become edematous, red, which will indicate inflammation.
During active dentition, the child experiences many unpleasant symptoms: pressure from the inside, unbearable itching. According to this, the crumb can refuse to eat, be capricious, sometimes the daily routine is lost.
Health condition of the baby during teething.
The appearance of pathological symptoms (a significant increase in temperature, a weakening of stool and diarrhea, vomiting, raw materials and much more) are not the symptoms of the rash, regardless of how the parents think.
Often, these symptoms remain without proper care, so the development of serious diseases is lacking. Increased body temperature, diarrhea, vomiting: these are the classic symptoms of an intestinal infection, and if you take into account the fact that children are taking everything from the floor to the mouth, the likelihood of it happening is extremely high.
Parents should remember that teething in a child is a physiological process, respectively, by definition, can not cause such symptoms.
Of course, to be fair, it is worth noting that the temperature of the child can rise slightly to 38 °, and no more than these figures, the temperature can not be maintained for more than three days otherwise, it is necessary to insist on a detailed study of the child.
How to relieve the baby’s condition?
With the birth of a child, parents begin to fear two physiological states of babies: colic and teething, and for good reason.
Due to the extremely unpleasant symptoms experienced by the child, there is a need to relieve the child’s condition, to help him.
It is necessary to take into account the fact that there is no universal recommendation, parents have to act with the “trial and error” method, selecting the exact means that will help the baby.
Of the “outdated” methods, the use of teethers would be the most popular.
Nowadays, pharmacies offer a wide range of plastic, silicone. By the way, the latter is given the highest preference.
Silicone teeth, filled with a special liquid that can be frozen. The effect of cold on a child’s inflamed gums has a calming and analgesic effect, which greatly relieves unpleasant symptoms.
Replace the teething can be dried or dried.
The care of the mother, the care and breast milk for a baby are the best analgesics, and just in this period, mothers will notice that babies began to apply to their breasts more often.
Only with the absolute ineffectiveness of these methods and with the apparent concern of the child, it will be possible to use special anesthetic gels for teething: Kamistad, Kalgel, Dr. Baby Baby, Dentinox gel and many others.
When choosing, you must carefully read the instructions for use, a list of contraindications. As a general rule, all gels contain local anesthesia, such as lidocaine or novocaine, but some of them, for example, Dr. Baby, are completely plant-based and do not have chemical anesthesia.
It is strictly forbidden to expand the indications for the use of anesthetic gels during teething, it is impossible to increase the frequency of administration and dose. Otherwise, the consequences and complications will not be long in coming.
Most gels, in addition to the anesthetic component, contain in their composition a series of additional substances that can have an anti-inflammatory and antiseptic effect.
When do babies’ first teeth burst?
The teething process is long and causes considerable inconvenience not only to the child, but also to the parents.
In the practice of pediatric doctors, the average norms and terms of the dentition have been defined for a long time, on the basis of which the doctors of children will judge the development of a child.
First, in the child’s mouth, the frontal incisors of the lower jaw explode, the time allowed for its eruption is 6-8 months.
Following the principle of the couple, who will talk about the harmonious development of the child, the frontal incisors of the upper jaw will burst from 7 to 10 months.
In general, the child’s first teeth are the incisors, the front and side teeth. The lateral incisors of the lower jaw begin to erupt at 9-12 months, and the lateral incisors of the upper jaw at 10-12 months.
For about a year, the first chewing tooth, the first molar, appears in the baby’s mouth. The duration of the eruption of this group of teeth in the lower jaw is from 13 to 19 months, in the upper part from 12 to 18.
With the expansion of the child’s diet, there are teeth that will help the child eat completely. At 17-20 months, the first canines appear, and their eruption occurs in a relatively equal time, both in the upper jaw and in the lower jaw.
The final stage of the milk bite formation is the eruption of the second chewing teeth, also, at about the same time, from 24 to 36 months.
What if the delay in teething?
The terms that have been designated are average, that is, for their isolation, a large group of children was studied and average data were collected, without taking into account the individual characteristics.
Of course, all doctors are guided by these terms of eruption, but even if the rash occurs later in the child, this does not always mean pathology.
The reasons why the delay exploded a large amount. And you can not talk about diseases or poor development of the child, trusting only in this fact.
First, you should try to find an explanation for the delay of the rash.
Intrauterine factors can also affect the time of appearance of the first tooth in the baby’s oral cavity.
It has long been known that the placement of the rudiments of baby teeth occurs in the first trimester of pregnancy.
And those factors that can negatively affect the pregnancy and the fetus in particular, in the future, can affect the time of teething.
First, we are talking about the bad habits of the mother, early toxicosis, past infections, etc. For a long time it has been shown that smoking, alcohol during pregnancy can significantly inhibit the intrauterine and subsequent development of the baby.
Already in the doctor’s office, and when analyzing the situation, it is necessary to take into account the hereditary factor, the moment of the birth of the child, the course of the pregnancy, the presence of diseases that the child suffered during the first half of his life.
Teething in premature babies can change significantly. For this category of children, their terms are reserved:
- For children born during a period of more than 35 weeks of gestation, there are no significant changes regarding the rash, usually no more than a couple of months.
- For babies born before 34 weeks of intrauterine development, teething will not begin before 10 to 12 months of age.
- The first tooth, in a child born with less than 30 weeks of gestation, can be expected within a year.
Before talking about any pathology, it is necessary to analyze the growth rate, the weight gain of the child, the presence of anomalies of the maxillofacial area development.
And only if there is a general tendency to delay development, without aggravating factors, it will be possible to assume some disease, including rickets with diseases similar to rickets.
To be honest, today there are few children born who have no complications in childbirth, who would not leave their mark on the development of the crumbs.
Consequently, the delay in teething time is fully justified and is easy to explain.