Many parents know that children, the first months of life, should sleep most of the time. But in practice, this is not always the case, and for many, putting the baby in bed is a real challenge.
Sleep disorders in children can be due to many reasons. Most of the time, they are physical discomforts (stomach pain, cutting of teeth, catarrhs or other diseases), crucial (important) moments of development (for example, mastering a new skill), emotional overstimulation. The most serious causes of childhood insomnia include: pathology of the nervous system, high intracranial pressure.
Therefore, if the child’s sleep disorders are very pronounced or if there are other symptoms of the nervous system pathology, it is necessary to consult a pediatrician and a neurologist for advice.
If a child’s sleep problems occur from time to time, then perhaps this is a characteristic of his body. Try the following tips and tricks, as they can help you put your baby to bed.
Rocking baby. Surely, you have already resorted to this method. As a general rule, the first thing that comes to mind when a child does not fall asleep for a long time is to shake it.
In this way it is very suitable for younger children. You can rock your baby in your hands, in a sling, in a crib, or even in a stroller.
If the baby does not bother you, you fall asleep quickly due to dizziness. In some cases, it may take a little longer.
Therefore, applying this method, you must be patient.
In addition, you can gently stroke the child on the back.
Very often, babies fall asleep immediately after breastfeeding, and those who are breastfed may fall asleep during the meal. It seemed that everything would be very simple, but there is one drawback: when you take a baby’s breast or put it in a crib, you can wake up.
Therefore, the method of “falling asleep in the chest” is not always effective, but in some cases it works.
This is probably one of the extreme measures, most of the time it is used when a baby falls asleep very badly, sleeps very sensitively, wakes up many times during the night. In this case, so that the mother can sleep a little, she has to take the child to bed.
The disadvantages of this method are that Dad feels a little private (after all, now he has to sleep separately) and the baby wakes up quickly from the movement of any mother.
If you have used this method, it is best not to abuse them, and once the baby’s sleep has improved, try to get him used to the bed again.
The optimal solution can be, the proximity of the baby’s bed to the parents. Place the crib next to yours, lower the side grill so that you and your baby are very close, but at the same time the baby will sleep separately.
There are even special cots that are attached to the parent’s bed.
Ritual at bedtime
One of the most effective ways for many babies is the method or sequence of actions of the “dream ritual”. For the implementation of this method, patience will be required.
The main thing in this way is the consistency. To do this, every day you must fulfill the same actions that precede the dream.
Choose the optimum, suitable for you and your baby, the ritual of falling asleep. For example, bathe at night, feed and put the baby to bed. At the same time, these procedures should be carried out every day at the same time, so that the baby gradually develops a regimen.
The disadvantage of this method is that the result will only be noticed after a time (1-2 months), and taking into account our pace of life, very often, it can be difficult to strictly follow the program. But I try, not torture.
We breed resistance and character. falling asleep alone. This is one of the most difficult methods, suitable only for mummies with a very strong nervous system.
The essence of the method is as follows: as soon as you notice the first signs that the child wants to sleep (rubs his eyes, yawns, gets naughty), place him in the crib. Stay with him a little, he can sing a lullaby, but do not take the baby in his arms. As soon as the child calms down, leave the room.
Most likely, the baby will cry as soon as you lose sight of her, but do not run immediately to him. Wait a few minutes (well, if the child is full of screams, then, of course, you should not wait more than a minute), then return to the room and try to calm the baby in the crib. Take the baby in your hands only if you cry a lot for more than 3 minutes.
After he calms down, put him back on the cot and slowly leave the room. The total stroke time according to this method should not exceed 45 minutes.
If the baby did not fall asleep during this time, put him in the way he is used to.
The next day, try again to sleep alone. This process is long, so you need to be patient. The first results, as a general rule, are already noticed for 5-6 days.
The main thing is not to deviate from the planned path, and not to reproach yourself for the severity, think about the fact that you are developing a regime, and this is very useful for both the baby and the parents.
However, it should be noted that this technique is suitable for children over 5 months.
Bathing in a hot bath. As a general rule, a warm bath, especially with the addition of soothing herbs, contributes to a faster sleep.
But, it must be remembered that all children are individual, and for some, water procedures have a stimulating effect. Watch your baby, if a little water has a calming effect on him, then feel free to use it for his own purposes.
There are children who sleep well under various monotonous sounds – A hair dryer, a vacuum cleaner, a sibilant radio, the sound of water (the so-called white noise). Maybe your child belongs to this group. Try this technique, maybe this will help put the child to sleep.
The sound should be barely audible, so as not to frighten the child and interrupt his sleep. You can record the desired sound on your phone or computer and turn on the baby before falling asleep.
Newborns and babies in the first months of life often shudder when they fall asleep and sleep. “Naughty” arms and legs do not interfere with the baby to sleep try to wrap the
If the baby fell asleep in his arms or in his crib, he must remember that he is in a certain temperature environment. Thus, warm him up before bedtime.
Odd as it is, but children feel if they are in a hurry or nervous. And it is precisely in these moments that the baby “as if it were to weigh” falls asleep more than usual.
Sleep patterns at different ages.
Each child has its own biological clock, as the child grows, the characteristics of sleep and wakefulness, nutrition and nervous system begin to form.
Newborn babies sleep most of the day and night, wake up, as a rule, when they are hungry or begin to feel discomfort (due to wet and dirty diapers).
The dream of a newborn can last from several minutes (10-15 minutes) to several hours (5-6 hours). There is no clear relationship with the time of day at this age.
Gradually, sleep periods are delimited more clearly in time and acquire more defined limits.
The total duration of sleep in the first months of life (1-4 months) is from 16 to 18 hours.
At the age of 5 to 6 months, the baby sleeps approximately 16 hours.
At the age of 7 to 9 months, approximately 15 hours, while the duration of a night’s sleep increases.
Children from 10 to 12 months sleep approximately 15 hours a day.
Sleeping between the ages of 1 and 1.5 years takes approximately 13 to 14 hours on average, of which approximately 10 to 11 hours are spent in a night of sleep.
At the age of 1.5 to 2 years, the child sleeps between 12 and 14 hours.
Children from 2 to 3 years of age sleep around 13 hours, night sleep lasts between 10 and 11 hours.
With age, the duration of sleep decreases. The baby becomes more active and begins to explore the world more intensely.
To make it easier for the baby to sleep, try 40 to 50 minutes before going to sleep to go to quieter games. Also at this age, a method with a ritual at bedtime is the most appropriate.
Gradually, as the child grows, new elements can be added to the ritual (for example, reading a fairy tale, picking up toys, wearing pajamas, going to bed or wishing your favorite toys goodnight).