In the previous article, we analyze the stages of motor development with you. Also an important component of the neuropsychic development of the first year of life is the development of fine motor skills.
We consider the skills a child receives in the first year of his life.
The “result” of the development of fine motor skills is the conscious coordination of the movements of the hands. But, like the ability to walk, the ability of the feathers begins with a reflex (grip reflex).
- for a newborn child, the palm is in a closed “posture” (all fingers are bent and the thumb is bent)
- At the beginning of the second month of life, the palm is increasingly open.
- At the end of the third month, the baby can move the palm ajar in the direction “in front of him”, and can stretch both handles. The movement does not have middle line coordination.
- At the age of four months, his palms are almost always open. The child likes to bring pens to his face and look at them.
- dropping the feathers in the middle line is characterized by the mutual contact of both feathers.
The child is able to hold the toy in the pen, bring it to the mouth. The toy explores the lips, the tongue.
In this stage comes First stage of the development of visual-motor coordination.. The child makes sudden movements with two handles.
- The grip reflex decreases at the end of the sixth month.
- At six months, the baby can hold toys with both hands, it can change from hand to hand. It extends to the topic of interest. When a baby holds a toy, his fingers bend and his thumb opposes the rest.
- At six and seven months, the baby can turn with a brush with a toy in his hand
- At seven and eight months, the baby takes the catch with the help of the fingers (before the object was inside the palm). The child can hold two objects at the same time, examines them in turn, hits them together
- Between eight and nine months, the baby takes a grip of “tweezers”, that is, When capturing small objects, the baby uses the thumb and forefinger. But, as an option, such an attack can appear in a month or two
- The fallen objects gradually attract the attention of the baby. The baby loves to play this game. He takes his favorite toy, examines it, hits it on the bed, for example, and then throws it on the floor. He carefully observes where his toy fell, and then screams and demands that his mother return the toy to him. Here is an unpretentious game that encourages your baby!
Now let’s consider the development of the vision.. Because it is directly related to fine motor skills, the child coordinates the movements of the handles with the help of their eyes.
- At the end of the first week, the little man can focus his eyes on the mother’s face! In addition, a newborn child has a reaction to light, he seeks to turn on the light source
- At the age of two to three months, the baby knows how to keep track of moving objects, he likes to look at his pens. And in articles that are not far away.
- For half a year, the baby can distinguish small parts of objects and objects from 0.5 to 1 mm in size
- The baby’s field of vision each month increases by 10 degrees. At six months in both directions it is 50-60 degrees.
- in half a year, the baby should be able to follow gently (not intermittently) an object that moves along a vertical, horizontal line, clockwise and counterclockwise
- In half a year the baby likes to look at his own pens, he loves to get to the things that interest him. The child is happy to see objects that fall or roll.
- By year, the baby should be happy to consider photographs, drawings
- Depending on the year, turn your head, look up, down when you are standing on your legs, while maintaining your balance.
Pay attention to some important points, these are peculiar alarms, the absence of these indicators should alert you.
- The child does not look at the face of an adult, in a bright thing.
- The baby’s eyes do not follow slow moving objects.
- The child does not pull the handle towards the toy / bright objects, there are no exciting movements when the toy is placed in front of the baby.
- It does not pick up small objects that are nearby.
- You can not find the object hidden in the diaper / blanket eyes.
- For a long time he studies the objects (not with the help of sight), palpates them, applies them to the cheek, puts them in his mouth, licks and gnaws.
- Often, I rub my eyes for a long time when I’m awake.
- He likes to play indoors, in dim light, with bright toys.