Stimulation of ovulation always involves the introduction of hormonal drugs. The purpose of the stimulation is to restore fertility if ovulation occurs rarely, irregularly, or to obtain a large number of eggs for the IVF procedure.
Hormonal medications are strictly taken by appointment and under the supervision of a doctor. Many women around the world take substances such as clomiphene and gonadotropins.
However, they can have side effects, one of which is ovarian hyperstimulation. It can also occur with excessive hormonal treatment, when the stimulation protocol is incorrectly assigned.
This disease occurs with different degrees of severity. It is believed that every third woman who undergoes an IVF treatment suffers it in a light way.
Who can be threatened with EHH:
* Young women (up to 35 years old), especially the asthenic physicist.
* With polycystic ovaries.
* for allergic diseases
* With the support of the preparations of the luteal phase based on hCG.
* In case of pregnancy.
Symptoms of EHH
With a slight degree: heaviness in the abdomen and its increase as a result of the accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity, discomfort, nausea, frequent urination, the ovaries increase to 8-10 cm.
In the case of OHSS of moderate severity, the ovaries increase to 12 cm, there is vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea and increased blood clotting.
Severe overstimulation is a life-threatening condition. The ovaries can grow up to 20 cm or more.
At the same time, there is cardiac arrhythmia, difficulty breathing, severe abdominal pain, renal failure, thromboembolism.
The treatment of moderate and severe hyperstimulation is performed in the hospital.
It is very likely that a woman who is at risk will not receive medication for hCG, the doctor will definitely recommend checking your condition and, if symptoms of overstimulation are detected, seek help. Timely visits to the doctor and monitoring of the condition help prevent the complications of OHSS.