In all periods of development, the child needs vitamins and microelements for full growth, the development of intellectual abilities, memory, vision, for the formation of bones and joints, for the proper functioning of blood-forming organs, increasing resistance to seasonal viral diseases, etc.
The modern market of vitamin preparations is quite rich. We must be able to swim in this sea of pills so that at the lowest cost children receive the most balanced complexes that meet the needs of their growing organism.
And it must always be remembered that the best prevention of hypovitaminosis was, is and remains a balanced diet (in the first year of life – breastfeeding).
How to prevent rickets in children?
Vitamin D – fat-soluble vitamin, increases the absorption of calcium in the intestine, prevents the loss of phosphorus through the kidneys. The lack of vitamin D leads to a decrease in the level of calcium and phosphorus in the body.
Its lack in the period of rapid growth of the child in turn leads to rickets, whose symptoms are:
- Symptom of wet pillow and occipital alopecia
- Increase in the size of the abdomen.
- the premature teething of baby teeth, maybe not even in the right order
- curvature of the lower extremities (in the form of x or legs in the shape of o)
- The “Olympic front”, due to a decrease in the elasticity of the bones of the skull, increases the parietal and frontal protuberances.
- “Cubic” shape of the skull.
- Rib Swelling, Rachitic “Rosary”
- Impression of the lower part of the sternum (“shoemaker’s chest”).
What to choose: vitamin D2 or D3?
Moms should be aware of the prevention of rickets in newborns. The best tool for this is vitamin D3 (cholecalciferol), since it is synthesized in the skin under the action of the sun’s rays in that form.
It is much more active than vitamin D2 (ergocalciferol).
Water or oil solution of vitamin D3? Another question that interests our mothers.
Many people think that once a vitamin is soluble in fat, then an aqueous solution of this vitamin simply can not exist.
Perhaps The property “liposolubilidad” of the vitamins characterizes the capacity to penetrate in the cells of the body through the membranes (a layer of lipids around each cell).
The only optimal drug that can be received from birth is Akvadetrim, an aqueous solution of vitamin D3, so it has several advantages!
- Better absorption from the intestines (5 times faster).
- The effect of the oil solution lasts up to 1.5 months and the water up to 3 months.
- The clinical effect of taking an aqueous solution of vitamin D3 is already developed on day 7 to 10
- Convenience and safety of the dosage form.
How to take an aqueous solution of vitamin D3?
Babies 3 weeks of age and children under 3 years: 1-2 drops per day.
It should be taken into account that children in the group at risk of rickets (premature, low birth weight, with malabsorption syndrome, receiving anticonvulsants, artificial feeding, with a heavy inheritance, living in the northern regions) are recommends taking a daily dose of 1000 IU of vitamin D2 (2 drops). ) during periods of low sunlight (autumn, winter, spring) during the first two years under the supervision of a doctor (!).
Like all medications, it has a series of side effects, which manifest themselves during an overdose:
- headache, muscle, joint pain
- dry mucous membranes of the mouth
- Loss of appetite, vomiting, constipation.
- The formation of kidney stones.
Complete calcium D3 for babies – the only calcium and vitamin D3 medicine, approved for use in children from birth!
It has a pleasant flavor and contains a minimum amount of auxiliary components that do not have a therapeutic effect. There are no preservatives or dyes.
Complying with Calcium D3 for children is not an exception either, since it has several contraindications: hypersensitivity to the components and conditions, accompanied by an increase in the level of calcium in the blood.
What vitamin preparations are possible from birth?
They are not so much. Perhaps the only multivitamin complexes for children since birth are Vitrum “Infant” and Multi-tabs “Baby”.
The advantage of this medicine is the presence in the composition of 10 important vitamins, including beta-carotene (the precursor of vitamin A, has less toxicity), the vitamins of group B, for the proper development of the central nervous system, vitamin D3 in necessary quantities.
A convenient form of the powder medication allows you to add it directly to 30 – 50 ml of baby food. Take 1 envelope a day.
You can not heat the mixture with the medicine at 40 degrees! Then inactivation is possible in the composition of vitamins.
Multi-tabs “Baby” contains only three active components:
- Vitamin A – 1000 ME
- Vitamin D3 400 IU
- Vitamin C 35 mg.
In addition, the liquid form of Multi-tabs “Baby” contains a number of excipients that do not have a medical effect, but increase the risk of allergic reactions.
The manufacturers listed in the official instructions recommend children under 1 year: in seasonal courses of 0.5 to 1 ml per day. An integrated measuring pipette provides a convenient and easily dosed intake of the medication.
Multi-tab “Baby” can receive children from 1 year to 4 years. Convenient reception of 1 chewable tablet 1 time per day.
The taste of raspberry and strawberry solves the question of the pleasure of taking chewable tablets in babies.
However, there is a possibility that a child may eat more than the recommended dose for the same taste ratio.
The composition of the active components of Multi-tabs “Baby” meets the requirements of an organism growing in vitamins.
No less important components in the composition of the drug are the trace elements: iron, zinc, copper, manganese, chromium, selenium and iodine.
In addition, the medicine contains a fairly large amount of inactive ingredients that increase the risk of allergic reactions.
AlfaVit “Our baby”
Vitamins AlfaVit “Our baby” is very popular in Russia, a complex of vitamins and minerals for children from 1.5 to 3 years thanks to the efforts of the manufacturers.
A series of advantages of this vitamin-mineral complex:
- First, the medication is divided into three times a day to avoid undesirable interactions of the drug components.
- Second, the absence of dyes and preservatives in powder form reduces the risk of allergic reactions.
- Third, the presence of beta-carotene, which in the body becomes retinol. Their presence is explained by the bright orange color of two bags of three when they dissolve.
It is recommended to take 1 sachet of each type per day during meals, dissolved in 30 ml of water (3 dessert spoons) before using. Reception course – 1 month.
The only disadvantage of this complex of vitamins and minerals for children is that the medicine is registered as a biologically active food supplement. There are contraindications, whose presence should consult a pediatrician.
Vitamins “Pikovit” – syrup for children over 1 year, a multivitamin remedy, contain in its composition vitamin A, instead of the safest beta carotene, as well as a low content of vitamin D3, which is a major drawback of the drug.
Components such as vitamin PP and D-panthenol are coenzymes involved in the metabolism of proteins, in the synthesis of fatty acids and cholesterol, in the production of energy.
Together with the B vitamins, they are necessary for the normal functioning of the central nervous system.
It is also important to know that the medication contains E 124 as part of the azo dye, which can cause a reaction of excessive sensitivity with an asthmatic component!
Take in after consulting with a specialist!
- from 1 to 3 years: 10 ml of syrup per day (1 teaspoon twice a day)
- From 4 to 6 years old: 15 ml of syrup per day (1 teaspoon three times a day).
- From 7 to 14 years old: 15 to 20 ml of syrup per day (1 teaspoon three to four times a day).
Reception course – 1 month. You can mix the syrup with baby food, juices, mashed potatoes.
What vitamin preparations exist for children from 3 to 7 years old?
Vitamins Baby Vitrum – Vitamin-mineral complex for children from 3 years to 5 years. The composition of the drug is quite diverse.
Maximum meets the physiological needs of the growing organism. In addition to the basic vitamins, it contains a complex of trace elements: calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, iron, copper, zinc, iodine, manganese, molybdenum, selenium, chromium.
It is important to understand that a large number of components in a tablet does not exclude their interaction with each other!
A sufficient amount of excipients increases the risk of allergic reactions! It is recommended to take after a meal, 1 tablet a day.
On the presence of indications and contraindications, you should consult with a specialist!
It is important to make sure that the child only does not take more than 1 tablet of Vitrum Baby per day to avoid an overdose. The form of chewable tablets in the form of animal figures and a pleasant taste make it desirable to take the drug in children.
Multivitamin Complivit + Iodine It contains 11 vitamins and iodine. Approved for use with three years for the prevention of iodine deficiency and as a general tonic.
It is a biologically active food supplement.
The contents of the vial are diluted with boiled cold water and shaken before each use of the medication.
Complete Oftalmo For children from 3 years of age it is a unique biologically active food supplement. Contains: vitamin A, vitamin E, vitamins of group B (B1, B2, B6), vitamin C, folic acid, selenium, zinc, copper, lutein and zeaxanthin.
All the components contribute to the healthy formation of the visual apparatus in children. The method of preparation of the solution and use, as in the previous medicine (Complivit Multivitamins + Iodine).
Vitamins AlfaVit “Kinder” Designed for children from 3 to 7 years old and contains 13 vitamins and 8 minerals, including iodine, calcium and iron.
Like the complete series of AlfaVit, the drug is divided into three doses per day, taking into account the interaction of the components. But this technique is not suitable for forgetful parents.
The contraindications to taking these medications are individual intolerance to the components and hyperfunction of the thyroid gland. Therefore, it is necessary to consult a pediatrician.
Pikovit Omega – from 3 years – it is characterized by the presence of polyunsaturated fatty acids in its composition, which have anti-inflammatory properties and are responsible for neuroprotection.
The omega-3 fatty acids contribute to the production of serotonin in the brain, which is manifested by a good mood and the formation of sufficient intellectual abilities.
Pikovit D – The formation of tablets is a form of a complex of vitamins and minerals, intended for children over 4 years, who suffer from diabetes.
It contains all the main vitamins and trace elements, only calcium and phosphorus. Take 1 tablet 4-5 times a day.
Four types of tablets of different colors have the same composition of vitamins, but different excipients, among which are the dyes and preservatives.
The “plus” peaks for children over 4 years of age are characterized by the presence in the composition of iodine, iron, zinc and biotin, responsible for the hair growth and the resistance of the nails.
All the components are necessary in a period of intensive growth! It is recommended to take one chewable tablet per day.
Suitable for the prevention of iodine deficiency and as a general tonic.
Supradin Kids – A complex of vitamins in gel form. It is allowed to children from 3 years.
It contains the recommended beta carotene instead of retinol, all B vitamins and also lecithin is a necessary component of all cells. Contributes to the preservation of memory.
Take half a teaspoon 2 – 3 times a day.
The disadvantage is that there are no microelements and vitamin D in the composition.
Supradin Kids with Omega-3 and Choline It contains vitamins of group B, vitamin C, polyunsaturated fatty acids (omega-3) and choline.
The composition is very limited. For the complex prevention of hypovitaminosis is not adequate.
The hill supports the brain development of children, stimulates thought processes.
Supradin children’s bears They have the form of chewing candy in the form of bears, which will turn the prevention of hypovitaminosis in children into a continuous pleasure.
The composition contains all the necessary vitamins, including vitamin D and biotin. If necessary, the additional intake of microelements is recommended only after consultation with a specialist.
Vita Mishka – A biologically active food supplement that contains vitamins. Depending on the composition, Vita Mishka is distinguished by immunity, intelligence, teeth, digestion and sight.
Such variety in the election does not justify the effectiveness of the compositions. It must be remembered that, after all, these supplements are, in the first place, “children’s sweets”.
They do not respond to the full needs of an organism growing in vitamins.
I hope that our mothers have found useful information in this article and, if they wish, together with the pediatrician they can choose a vitamin preparation suitable for the child.