Great attention is paid in babies to body hygiene and especially to the hygiene of the genital organs. The main requirements for the care of babies: the genitals should be dry, clean and with regular ventilation.
However, in practice it is not always possible, since a newborn baby urinates all day and several times excrement. Therefore, to approach the ideal in some way, the mother must change the diapers as often as possible so that the wet fabric does not cause irritation on the delicate skin of the baby.
If you believe in research, the use of disposable diapers and diapers significantly increases the amount of faecal microflora in the environment, in toys, objects. Of course, we do not call moms to just use reusable diapers and diapers in the traditional way, because this will significantly increase the amount of washing, but you should not dress babies with disposable diapers for a long time.
Even taking care of the intimate area carefully, you should bathe your child at least 2 or 3 times a week. This is the only way to create conditions in which water freely washes all parts of the vulva that are difficult to access and folds.
The extraction of oil should not be abused: everything washed with water should be washed. The oil is used only for fat-soluble contaminants.
Do not abuse wet wipes either. It is recommended that this extremely convenient invention be applied in the absence of access to water, transportation, out of town, etc.
After washing, the tissues are dried by transfer movements with a clean towel separately. When performing this procedure, mothers should pay attention to the state of the labia minora, in order not to miss the phenomenon of synecia (fusion of the labia minora).
As soon as there is no need to change diapers frequently, parents often forget that the anogenital area requires the same attention.
You must not forget this, because it is at this age that it is necessary to begin to inculcate the skills of neatness in children.
Children of three or four years are very curious, their desire to help parents and do something on their own is so great that not only is it impossible not to go unnoticed, but also to develop. Included for the inculcation of independent voiding and defecation skills.
The period in which the baby is held above the pot (basin, bath) is replaced by a period in which the child is planted in the pot. It only depends on the parents the year the baby sits in the pot, or it will happen at four o’clock.
The position in which the legs close hermetically and the back of the body that hangs deep in the toilet is wrong and leads to the entrance of urine into the vagina. After urinating, urine waste should be moistened with a tissue.
After a bowel movement, the perineum should be cleaned from front to back, and in no case the other way around: if it is not cleaned properly, the fecal flora can enter the vagina and cause an inflammatory process. The inadequate use of toilet paper leads to the development of so-called “rubbing infections”.
It is necessary to wash preschool girls daily. It is recommended to use soap once a week to avoid drying the delicate mucosa. Wash your hands with soap before washing.
After washing with a gentle drying motion, dry the crotch area with a clean single towel.
Younger school age
By the time you enter school, you should be trained in all of your ordination skills. This refers not only to maintaining the cleanliness of your body and clothes, but also to the proper use of the toilet and toilet paper.
Only in this way will it be possible to achieve cleanliness in public places, which is important because there are children who, due to the poor condition of the toilet, are forced to contain themselves and relieve themselves only when they return home. This negatively affects the health of children: the bladder and bowels must always be emptied in time.
Only 10% of children believe that the dirtiest part of their body is pop at night, so explaining is the main task of parents.
The girl must be washed at night with the mandatory change of bedding. Soap is enough to apply only once a week.
To instill in the baby the rule of using wipes, soap and individual towels, it is only necessary, this will help to protect it from a series of problems in the future.
The requirement for the mother – to contribute to the sexual education of the girl. If it is not customary in the family to discuss topics related to the genital organs, the child will perceive what is under the belt as something forbidden, what can not be seen, what can not be shown and what can not be talked about.
This approach negatively affects the behavior of girls when the genital organs that have not manifested become the object of attention: signs of puberty, discharge, menstruation and the need to visit a gynecologist will appear.
Premenarch. Girls of school age
The average age of onset of the first menstruation (menarche) is 12 years. The time corridor is 9-16 years old.
As a general rule, menstruation appears after 1.5-2 years from the start of growth of the mammary gland.
The first signs of puberty may appear by the end of primary school. And more often, it is whiter, which becomes a problem for girls. These physiological secretions are associated with the production of estrogen and can be quite abundant.
Girls have a constantly wet panties feeling, it seems that this discharge from the bladder, which is uncontrollable and often simply annoying.
Patients with discharge complaints often visit a gynecologist. Moms should help their children to face the problem, explain that this is a variant of the norm and suggest how to face it. It is necessary to learn that with the onset of puberty it must be discharge.
They are light, without an unpleasant odor and are not accompanied by other unusual symptoms: itching, burning, redness. To get help, you should get in touch if the symptoms described above appear and the discharge becomes purulent or becomes thick and frothy.
To avoid irritation of the delicate skin of the vulva, you must carefully follow the rules of personal hygiene. When washing, it is not so much the position of the body as important as the thoroughness of the procedure. The bath of the folds and the areas of difficult access must be carried out in such a way that there are no vaginal secretions between the vaginal lips, in the pubis or in the genital cleft.
It is necessary to wash twice a day (during menstruation, more often), with clean, lukewarm running water, using mild detergents two or three times a week. Prolonged and more frequent contact with the moisture of the genital organs is detrimental: thin skin becomes susceptible to pathological processes.
Special attention should be paid to the choice of clothing in particular and clothing in general.
Despite the trend of fashion, underwear must be made of a fabric that can be boiled. The change of panties must be done daily. Often, due to the high content of proteins in the vaginal discharge, the clothes are painted after washing in brown.
To avoid this, rinse it with cold water before the main wash. Breathable pads are allowed, subject to frequent changes.
Cellulose fabrics can not be used, because they get wet and crumble, you can also say about the use of cotton, which is stuck to the skin and hair, which increases pollution.
The closed trousers in the girls’ wardrobe should not be, they are placed between the lips and rub the delicate skin, as well as interrupting the flow of blood in the pelvic organs.