Modern parents begin to think about the physical education of their baby since he takes the first tentative steps. If the load or massage is suitable for babies, for three year olds, mothers and fathers are trying to choose a sports section.
However, for children up to five years old, finding an activity like this is quite difficult.
What sports are available for children of five years? How to choose the best sports section for your child?
Let’s say that immediately, when choosing a sports or entertainment group, it is necessary to be guided mainly by the child’s abilities and not by their own preferences.
If you catch something that your child does not like or does not suit you by physical parameters, you will simply drop out of class soon.
Of course, at an early age, children still can not make an informed decision, but the opinion of children still needs to be taken into account.
Rules to choose a sports school for children.
Sport in a child’s life plays an important role, so it is very important that the baby likes in the sports section.
What else do adults need to remember?
- Perhaps the main parameter when choosing sports leisure is the age of the baby. The younger the crumb, the greater the impact on his physical activity. Preschoolers have difficulty coordinating, so, for example, fencing or volleyball will not work for them.
- At an early age, the main task of loving moms and dads is to instill children’s love for physical activity and develop mobility. Sports clubs in development centers will do well with this, where children are more likely to play than them.
- Before classes, be sure to learn about the contraindications and indications of a particular sport for your child. It is also necessary to consult with the pediatricians (surgeon, cardiologist, oculist) to find out if the excessive loads are dangerous for the baby.
- Another important factor is the territorial location of the sports school. It is no secret that a long road tires not only children, but also parents. Therefore, try to choose a section so that the path does not take more than 40-50 minutes.
- Sport, unfortunately, is expensive, so try to take into account the possibilities of the family budget. The costumes for rhythmic gymnastics, sports dancing, as well as equipment for a young hockey player will cost a lot of money. Tennis is also quite expensive entertainment.
- Another important aspect is the coach. In a short time, a sports teacher can instill a love of physical education for a lifetime and prevent him from practicing sports. Pay attention to how the coach behaves with the students, what kind of environment prevails in the children’s team.
The 10 best sports for children under 5 years old.
We have already said that the choice of the sports section should be addressed with full responsibility. And now, let’s see what sports are suitable for children from birth to five years.
Perhaps this is the most useful sport for young children. You can teach your baby to float from the second week of life.
The only contraindication is allergic manifestations to chlorinated water in the pool.
The advantages are much more, because swimming:
- Positive effect on the general state of the body.
- helps to harden
- Strengthens the muscular system
- improves the nervous system
- Suitable for children with obesity, scoliosis, visual impairment.
So, if your child loves to splash around in the bathroom, this sport is perfect for him. In addition, certain physical exercises are contraindicated for some babies, which means that swimming can be a good alternative.
Gymnastics is traditionally divided into sports and art.
The first type will attract children, since it involves strength exercises on a rope, parallel bars, horizontal bar, etc. The art is designed for girls: young princesses will be enchanted with ribbons, hoops and balls.
He starts practicing gymnastics, usually at four years old. At this age, the child’s body is still very flexible, and the baby already knows how to follow the simplest instructions.
Children must be delivered to the section a little later, from five to six years.
Gymnastics exercises develop grace and flexibility remarkably, develop all muscle groups, which, as a result, has a positive effect on future sporting results. Thus, gymnastics is the ideal base for other sports.
However, be careful, because such activities are full of injuries. Sprains and bruises are especially characteristic of gymnastics.
Another problem is the search for a competent teacher.
3. team sports
Perhaps football and hockey are the most popular and spectacular sporting events. Most of the time, these sections are children from 4 to 5 years old, from an early age familiar with the rules of the game.
These trainings will be adapted to sociable and angry people who know how to play as a team.
These sports are useful in that:
- develop resistance, good reaction
- strengthen the engine support device
- They allow to express socially acceptable aggressiveness.
- Improve the functioning of the pulmonary and cardiac systems.
- Learn to resolve conflicts.
Among the disadvantages can be observed an increased risk of injuries. In any case, check with your doctors before enrolling your child in the football or hockey section.
4. Sports dance.
Dance, in contrast to gymnastics, is not so traumatic, but with the same efficiency that forms a beautiful posture, the plasticity and grace of the movements, develops a sense of rhythm and strengthens the respiratory system.
Perfect for overweight or scoliosis babies.
Children can be given to dance clubs from the age of 3-4 years. Of course, at the beginning general development classes are carried out, which will not bring excess work to the child.
Closer to school age, children will be able to choose one of the many dance styles: ballroom, Latin American, modern dance, ballet, etc.
Before giving your baby to the world of professional dancers, try to take into account all financial costs. Experienced mothers warn that it will be necessary to periodically buy expensive costumes for presentations and special shoes (not cheap).
5. Figure skating
Very traumatic sport, although very beautiful. Therefore, suitable for those children who are not afraid of falls.
Of course, you can reduce the risk of injury by working with an experienced trainer who will take into account your child’s peculiarities.
Ice lessons can start at three or four years of age. At this early age, children get used to the surface of the ice, learn to stand on roller skates, understand the teacher’s instructions.
Figure skating helps strengthen the immunity of children, serves as a good prevention of colds and acute respiratory infections, develops flexibility, art and resistance of children. As an option – roller skating.
Rollesport is similar to figure skating, trains the same muscles. Just do not forget to get the necessary protection.
Children begin to participate in professional cycling at school age, however, it is possible to prepare the physical basis much earlier.
Already in two years, a child lands on a tricycle, on a model of two wheels move closer to five years.
The advantages of such a pastime are many.
First, riding the “iron friend” develops the vestibular apparatus, the speed of the reactions, increases endurance, strengthens the calf muscles and promotes weight loss.
With a properly selected two-wheeled vehicle and the necessary protective equipment, the disadvantages of cycling are practically not observed.
7. Oriental martial arts.
These are sports martial arts such as wushu, karate, judo, etc.
More often in the section of registered children, from five years. There are groups for younger preschoolers, from 3 to 4 years old.
However, at this age they are taught the basic concepts of technology, with emphasis on stretching and improving overall health.
With the help of martial art, children learn mobility, resilience and responsiveness. In addition, this type of sports allows you to openly express your negative emotions and your aggressiveness.
Among the disadvantages of martial arts is the probability of injury.
8. horseback riding
This is the most useful sport in terms of psychology.
Classes with horses do not involve serious physical effort, however, they allow the back and leg muscles to work actively. Horse riding is recommended for all children, especially babies who are restless, unsure of themselves and diagnosed with cerebral palsy.
Participate seriously in this sport can be from the age of ten years, but to familiarize the child with animals and put it in the saddle can and should be much earlier. In many schools, quiet ponies are allowed for children as young as four years old.
Useful and suitable for our sports leisure climate, which gives pleasure not only to children, but also to the rest of the family.
Even if your offspring do not become an Olympic champion, you will acquire a wonderful habit for life.
In 3-4 years, you can familiarize children with cross-country skiing, skiing for older children. The ski slopes perfectly train the muscular system, they develop coordination and agility.
In addition, the stay in the fresh and frozen air has a beneficial effect on the body of children.
Do not forget to consult a pediatrician if your baby has orthopedic diseases, problems with the respiratory system, diseases of the nervous system.
It would seem that jumping on trampolines is a common entertainment, but the benefits of such activities can not be overestimated.
It turns out that such physical activity develops the muscular system, the respiratory system, the coordination of movements, improves blood circulation and the gastrointestinal tract.
There is no age limit, the baby can jump on the trampoline from early childhood, when he learns to stand firmly on his legs. However, do not forget that a trampoline can cause serious injuries if it does not meet all the child’s parameters.
Therefore, you can choose a sports section even for small children under the age of five.
The most important thing is the harmonious development of the child’s personality, which includes physical education.