With the arrival of the baby, new concerns and experiences appear in the parents: everything is good with the baby, it is healthy, there is some danger for the little one. And if someone of the known children is sick, the young mom immediately starts looking for similar symptoms in her baby.
Such an attitude toward the well-being and health of a newborn baby is quite understandable. And therefore, I want to tell in this article about a problem that is quite widespread today, about staphylococcal infection in newborns.
To begin with, a staph infection is a term that includes a fairly extensive group of diseases caused by staphylococci. Staphylococcus, in turn, is a gram-positive bacterium, not mobile, in the form of a ball, which is found in pure culture in groups in the form of “bunches of grapes”.
There are several types of Staphylococci:
More pathogenic for humans, able to produce a golden pigment, for which it received its name. Able to cause purulent processes in virtually all human organs and tissues.
- Epidermal staphylococcus.
- Staphylococcus saprofito.
- Hemolytic Staphylococcus
- Staphylococcus resistant to methicillin.
Any strain of Staphylococcus aureus that is resistant to beta-lactam antibiotics.
Staphylococci are widely distributed both in the environment (soil, air) and in the skin of humans and other animals, representing the normal microflora.
The genus Staphylococcus includes pathogens and opportunists for humans that inhabit the skin and mucous membranes. Pathogenic staphylococci are capable of producing enzymes that alter the normal activity of the cell (endo and exotoxins).
Therefore, the treatment of a staph infection should only be done by a doctor and only with the correct antibiotic in sufficient doses and with sufficient treatment.
There is an anti-staphylococcal bacteriophage that kills staphylococci, but it is safe for the human body. However, it should be designated only by a doctor and only after the study.
How is staph infection produced?
Here we should note immediately that not all people who become infected with Staphylococcus begin to hurt. Some people are carriers of staph infections, while they have no sign of infection and may not even realize the presence of this microbe in their bodies.
If a person has some kind of weakening of the protective properties of the body, that is, reduced immunity, then it develops signs of a staphylococcal infection.
Thus, the source of infection are people who are sick and carry staphylococci.
Factors that contribute to the development of staphylococcal infection in newborns:
- Infancy, and especially the neonatal period, is the main risk factor for the development of a staphylococcal infection, since the child’s immunity is still very weak.
- Infection with mom or other family members That is, the transport of staphylococci in the family of a newborn child.
- Artificial ventilation of the lungs.
- Long stay in the hospital.
- Use several catheters in a newborn. A catheter is a direct route of infection within the body.
- The presence of any other infection.
Symptoms of Staphylococcus in newborns.
Staph can cause a lot of pathological processes in the human body, from banal skin pustules and stomatitis, until the development of sepsis, blood poisoning, which can even cause death.
Therefore, the diversity of manifestations makes the diagnosis of this infection difficult, to say with certainty that a staphylococcal infection can only be carried out by a doctor after the examination.
Do not self-medicate, at the first signs of infection, contact your doctor!
And so, how does staphylococcus manifest itself in newborns?
More often begins with various skin lesions, purulent nature. It may simply be a rash with purulent content, throughout the body and locally in any area.
Perhaps the development of carbuncles and boils, impetigo, phlegmon.
If there is an umbilical wound, an omphalitis may occur. That is, the process begins at the surface of the skin, but is able to quickly penetrate the body, capturing the subcutaneous adipose tissue.
Pustular lesions can also develop on the mucous membrane – stomatitis (in the oral cavity). Perhaps the development of staph eyes, then in the treatment, will be helped by an optometrist.
Staphylococcus spreads easily throughout the body and can cause laryngitis, tracheitis, pneumonia.
The bones are also affected – osteomyelitis. And the intestines – enterocolitis.
And in the kidneys – pyelonephritis. The pathogen can penetrate the nervous system with the development of meningitis.
In most cases, staphylococcal infection is accompanied by an early stage before the development of a complete clinical picture, an increase in body temperature, which is difficult to reduce by conventional means.
However, with a slight injury, the body temperature may remain normal or increase considerably.
On the Internet, you can see a photo of what looks like a staphylococcus in a newborn in several places, some vaccines may surprise you, but you should not take everything seriously and get over your baby.
Be careful, follow the rules of hygiene, temper the baby, have a food rich in vitamins in full right and all your crumbs will be good.
Well, look at pictures of staphylococci in newborns and not necessarily. At the first sign that something is wrong with your baby, show it to your doctor!
What tests are taken to a newborn to detect Staphylococcus aureus?
The tests are taken standard – blood, urine. Well, to confirm a staph infection and to find out which antibacterial drugs are sensitive to pathogens, smears from affected areas or excretions (urine, feces, sputum, blood).
In some cases, you may need additional methods of examination (chest x-ray, ultrasound, etc.), which the doctor will prescribe for the baby.
How to treat staphylococcus in newborns?
Do not self-medicate! Consult a specialist!
In the treatment of staphylococcus in newborns, aniline dyes (bright green) are used to treat skin wounds, immunization of children against staphylococcus is possible and the preparations that strengthen the protective properties of the body are also welcome.
In conclusion, any eruption in a child, especially if accompanied by fever and / or development of symptoms of poisoning in babies: lethargy, refusal to eat or decreased appetite, anxiety, crying, especially if a newborn child, you should consult the pediatrician immediately!