Childhood diseases are unpredictable things. An absolutely healthy child who jumped and knocked down the walls a moment ago becomes hot like a coal.
To lower the temperature or wait?
Fever is a signal for the brain to produce more substances that will help to overcome an infectious disease. 80% of childhood diseases are ARVI. And the most important rival of viruses is interferon, a specific protein whose level depends directly on body temperature.
In other words, the higher the temperature, the more your own medicine will be produced.
We decided to beat the temperature as soon as it was discovered. But this is not quite right, or rather, completely wrong!
Temperature reducing medications, Do not give the body the opportunity to overcome the disease in the shortest possible time.
Remember the golden rule: The determining factor in the use of antipyretics is not the temperature, but the general condition of the child!
Let’s consider How to reduce the temperature in a child. As efficiently as possible without harm.
Some children feel fine at 39 °, while others can not get out of bed at 37.5 °. The choice of drugs is obvious.
Each child has its own distinction, but it is not worth risking it. If the temperature has risen to 39.5 °, act immediately!
“Closer to 40.0 °, the protective functions of fever are reversed: it increases metabolism and oxygen consumption, it increases the loss of fluid, it creates an additional tension in the heart and lungs”.
Children with seizure syndrome require special monitoring. If febrile seizures were noted earlier in the high temperature background, it is recommended to use medications with an increase of 38.5 ° or the level indicated by your pediatrician.
This also applies to the age of 3 months.
In this article, we are talking about the temperature measured in the armpit. It should be measured for at least 10 minutes with a normal thermometer.
The rectal is always 1 degree higher, for a reliable result it is enough with 5 minutes.
The main thing you should do when body temperature rises is to create conditions for the child where you can lose heat as much as possible. And this is only possible in two ways: through sweating or heating the inhaled air. Try creating a cool temperature in the room (17-20 ° C), while you dress the child with an additional blouse or cover it with a blanket. Provide drinking mode (50-100 ml per 1 kg of child’s weight). Without compliance with these rules, recovery will come much later, and the risk of complications increases.
Your task is not to panic, but to use an integrated approach: medicines, air parameters, many drinks. In addition, the last two points are no less effective than any syrup or tablet. According to the WHO recommendation, acetaminophen and ibuprofen are the drugs of first choice for children. At home, the first aid kit should be both, preferably in different forms.
For children under 6 years old, this is a syrup or rectal suppositories.
The syrup has an effect of 15 to 20 minutes after use, but contains many chemical additives, flavors and colorings. Candles in 40-50 minutes, but the antipyretic effect lasts longer.
They are essential when the child has nausea or vomiting, should be used after a bowel movement, if possible.
At the pharmacy, paracetamol is sold under the guise of the following medications: Panadol, Kalpol, Efferalgan, Dofalgan, Mexalen, Dolomol, Tsefekon. Ibuprofen is less safe, but more effective. Its analogues are “Ibufen”, “Nurofen”, “Bofen”, “Markofen”, “Motrin for children”, “Baby Ibunorm”, “Brufen”.
Very often, manufacturers indicate the age on the medication label. But not all children are the same, you must calculate the dose according to the child’s weight. See the calculation rules in the image.
Be very careful, the most common error is when you confuse milligrams (mg) and milliliters (ml). Consider an example. The label says: “100 mg of the active substance in 5 ml of suspension”.
This means that a child who weighs 10 kg and needs 150 mg of “paracetamol” will need 7.5 ml of medication. If it is “Ibuprofen”, then 5 ml.
This is the case when school mathematics is useful.
Ask the pharmacy for the required dose of antipyretic suppositories. It is best to use them at night, because of the long-term effect.
A single dose of “Paracetamol” in the candles is up to 20 mg / kg, keep this in mind when calculating the diary.
If the temperature increases before the minimum time until the next intake indicated in the instructions, alternate with each other. These should not be different drug names, but different active substances (“paracetamol” or “ibuprofen”).
Under the dissimilar labels the same drug is usually hidden.
If after taking the medicine the temperature dropped 1-1.5 °, it is very good! It should not reach 36.6 ° this is a great stress for the body and blood vessels.
It is not strongly recommended to give children “Aspirin” (acetylsalicylic acid), “Analgin” (metamizole sodium), “Nimesulide”. They have a higher risk of development and a greater severity of adverse reactions. A popular “lytic mixture” in our country based on Analgin can be used only once, when other safer medications are not available.
Permanent reception is absolutely unacceptable for children and adults.
The “aspirin” in combination with a viral infection can cause serious damage to the liver and brain: Rey syndrome, in which the mortality rate reaches 20%. Nimesulide is also banned due to the risk of developing toxic hepatitis. This applies to children under 12 years of age.
In general, a child with a high temperature is hot to the touch, with a pink or reddish tinge of the skin. In this case, you can stay calm: thermoregulation and heat transfer work well.
But if the high temperature is accompanied by pallor of the skin, chills, cold extremities, a vasospasm occurs.
Mustard plasters, hot foot baths and steam inhalations do more harm than good. At the slightest suspicion of temperature, the use of these procedures will cause its increase.
If you want to calm down and experiment with your own child, please, at your own risk and risk, but only when you have a normal temperature!
Sometimes sedatives for family members help better than the best quality mustard plaster.
In most cases, children recover on their own, without significant pharmacological intervention. Sometimes it is acceptable to use folk remedies to relieve the general condition. Along with the bountiful drink, offer your child hot and healthy milk drinks.
They help with cough, laryngitis and very tasty. It can be milk with honey, cocoa butter, propolis.
But only if you are not allergic to these products! Add a teaspoon of honey to the warm milk and stir it. It is better to drink a drink like that at night, it calms well.
Cocoa butter does an excellent job with a sore throat if it dissolves in warm milk.
You can buy in a pharmacy 10% propolis tincture, it’s cheap. Add 10 drops to the warm milk, regardless of whether it is half a glass or a spoon.
This tool copes well with lung diseases, improves well-being. Take it just before going to bed.
Tested in my own experience, it works! Propolis is a storehouse of healing substances that favorably affects all the systems of the human body.
In treatment of childhood diseases Be guided only by common sense and do not be scared. If you doubt your actions, be sure to consult with the pediatrician.
Contact him if the symptoms of the disease continue for more than 5 days.