For most of us, ARVI, or more simply, colds, although unpleasant, are mostly not dangerous. They can be cured quickly and with the use of the entire arsenal of modern medicine.
But, if we are talking about a nursing mother, the question becomes more complicated, since the cold during breastfeeding can not be treated in any way with all medications. Medications, in one form or another, can penetrate breast milk and affect the baby.
Therefore, it is important to know how to properly treat the colds of a nursing mother.
Manifestations of a cold.
Typical manifestations of colds in nursing mothers include:
- sneezing and itchy nose
- Discharges copious mucous from the nose of an aqueous nature or thick, yellow and green discharge.
- Cough, dry or wet nature.
- temperature, sometimes at high numbers
- malaise, weakness, lethargy, intoxication, headaches
- Redness of the eyes, lachrymation, photophobia.
- Pain in the throat when swallowing, dryness and pain.
Depending on the type of virus, the combination of symptoms may be different, but what is most important in the common cold is mostly symptomatic and asymptomatic treatment.
Principles of treatment
It is necessary to start the treatment for a cold as soon as possible, at the first signs, and it is desirable to carry out the treatment strictly under the supervision of a doctor.
It is advisable not to use generalized anti-virus drugs such as arbidol, rimantadine or ribovirine for mild ARVI, as they are of low efficiency if they are not used from the first hours of a cold and can cause significant damage to the child’s body. .
The drugs can cause digestive disorders of the baby, abdominal pain and loose stools, can cause an increase in nervous irritability, as well as allergies.
For the prevention of SARS or for treatment, you can use medications such as influenza (instillation in the nose drops), Viferon candles, which have no contraindications or side effects.
Antibiotics are not indicated for viral infections, since they do not have a point of application (antibiotics do not affect viruses).
But in case of complications, the development of a bacterial infection, as prescribed by a doctor, may prescribe antibiotics compatible with breastfeeding. They are named as a short course.
Most modern and widely used antibiotics used on an outpatient basis are compatible with HB. The use of medications such as gentamicin, doxycycline, sulfonamides, tetracyclines in HB is prohibited.
Symptomatic treatment of cold during lactation.
Often, when SARS occurs, a fever occurs and, with a relatively normal state of health, it is not recommended to lower the temperature to 38.5-39.0. But if the mother suffers a lot of fever, it is necessary to use antipyretic drugs based on paracetamol or based on ibuprofen.
Its components can adversely affect the child’s health.
If you have a cough, you can use not all expectorant preparations and sputum thinning properties. As allowed during breastfeeding, medications include ambroxol and medications based on it (ambrobene, lasolvan).
Bromhexine-based medicines are contraindicated in nursing mothers.
You can also use caution when collecting chests.
In the presence of a cold, you can use vasoconstrictive drugs: naphthysin, galazolin, tezina, nazivina. But it is worth remembering that the use of these medications can not last more than 3-4 days.
You can use medicines of plant origin (pinosol), as well as medicines with anti-edematous and antiallergic properties – vibrocyl.
It is also useful to use saline solutions to wash the nose and moisturize the mucous membranes. Apply aquamaris, saline solution, aqualor, solutions with seawater.
With the development of sore throat, you can use local antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory drugs: irrigation with hexorel, aerosols of green tantum, iodinol, chlorhexidine, miramistin.
You can use pills, pills and tablets for tablets – Strepsils, Falimint, Faringosept. To treat the cavity of the pharynx, you can use a solution of Lugol or Yox.